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Microsoft workplace. Microsoft Excel. each productiveness tools are so embedded in the cloth of world commerce that in spite of the fact that innovative modern apps blew Microsoft’s proverbial doors off day after today, it will doubtless nonetheless recall years for that upstart to fully overtake and usurp the entrenched common.
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Microsoft has published an update roundup weblog post for users of Microsoft 365. The company particulars complete of the changes made to the subscription service throughout February. added to the kit during the month had been a pair of modern protection features, groups integrations, and plenty extra.
in terms of safety, Microsoft 365 has received Microsoft threat specialists this week. The office is designed to “proactively hunt and prioritize threats”. somewhere else, Microsoft has delivered an “Ask a hazard knowledgeable” button to the windows Defender ATP.
groups is a Big fragment of the Microsoft 365 bundle this present day, and in February some healthcare integrations were introduced. above all, cozy messaging and precedence notifications are now supported. FHIR-enabled electronic fitness facts are actually supported in teams.
Over at the Microsoft Authenticator, which no offers safety notifications to users on Microsoft 365.
In its weblog, Microsoft moreover recapped its launch of a modern office software. The revolutionary internet software (PWA) acts as a alternative for the My workplace app.
At its core the brand modern PWA is workplace.com in app kind. This means the individual workplace apps relish observe, PowerPoint, exceed don't seem to exist here. besides the fact that children, those apps may moreover exist launched from inside the hub.
in its place, the app works as a vital hub for workplace apps. here that you can descry issues relish contacts, recent files, and more across observe, Excel, PowerPoint, OneDrive, Outlook, groups, Yammer and different apps.
“businesses can additionally recall potential of the capacity to integrate third-birthday celebration apps, enable clients to search for files and people across the corporation, and customize the event with their own branding.”
identify: Octavio Avila-Cardet
homeland: Guantanamo, Cuba
what's your principal? desktop science
where did you intern? What did you attain there? I interned for Microsoft as a application engineer. I worked in the core features arm the set interior tools and software that could exist used by using other Microsoft employees are developed. My team became responsible for constructing a data reporting software to allow teams to office information reporting on exceed using their records. The application is used with the aid of about half of the enterprise (a bit more than 50,000 clients).
How did you regain your internship? I got my internship by attending a profession just at FIU in Fall 2017, hosted by pass of FIU’s profession and skill construction office. a friend of mine informed me concerning the profession reasonable, so I went online and applied to a number of corporations that had been attending the career reasonable, including Microsoft, facebook and Amazon. Some days later, I bought an e mail to attain an in-grownup interview at FIU’s Engineering core. Then i was invited to interview at the desirable Microsoft campus in Redmond, Washington, for a set of interviews. A month later, I received the present to intern at Microsoft. i used to exist shocked, however excited!
What counsel attain you savor got for those dawn the internship method? regain any internship event that you could regain even if it’s not your dream enterprise. youngsters, attain are trying to regain an internship nigh to what you are looking to travail on after college. Having an internship in your resume really offers you an facet over folks that don’t. The summer earlier than Microsoft, I had a different internship at SAIC (Science applications international traffic enterprise), which is a armed forces contractor it truly is akin to Northrop Grumman and Lockheed Martin.
What tasks did you travail on? i was assigned to boost a web-based mostly consumer interface to enable modern teams to onboard quicker since the lead technique of onboarding every now and then would recall months. With my interface, it might only recall 20 minutes. It turned into a really great challenge and although I finished most of it, it is quiet under additional evolution by means of my crew. I’m excited to descry how it has stepped forward on account that I completed my internship.
How did your internship join again to your coursework? Some foundational concepts I realized in my information structures classification savor been essential, specifically learning a pass to rate how productive your algorithm is. This allowed me to identify areas of my code that mandatory optimizing. The basic programming expertise you exist trained in school helps you learn modern programming languages and tools quicker seeing that the core concepts are familiar. What school offers you is the self-discipline to exist taught modern and tough ideas snappy and basic abilities of programming to regain you going. although, it’s crucial to attain a lot of self-teaching right through faculty to exist updated and attain internships every time which you can.
What became the best issue about your internship or that came about right through your internship? The Intern Signature event! complete the company’s 2,000 interns accumulate in a huge park to play video games, eat and watch a reside concert. The artist had been kept a secret complete over the internship, so this is where they at eventual regain to ascertain who it became. every person had their personal guesses, but no person knew for inescapable who it changed into going to be. Moments earlier than the leading artist regarded, one intern standing at the back of me turned into joking that Pitbull changed into going to exist the singer. I laughed and didn’t recall it seriously. i used to exist like, “There is no manner. Pitbull? Out of complete people…”. well, which you can imagine my astound when Mr. worldwide himself came out singing “Don’t quit the birthday party”.
What did you relish most about your event? The americans that I met. That’s basically what made it brilliant. I made loads of friends and loads of us would at complete times exit collectively to explore the city, to party, and to head climbing as well. additionally, the manner i used to exist challenged on diverse fronts. i was challenged on my capacity to exist trained and bring quickly and on my skill to fill modern individuals. I favored that i used to exist pushed outside of my console zone each day.
What did you learn about your self? The internship exposed lots of my weaknesses and barriers as a developer. I realized that I necessity to expend greater time within the planning and design section before moving on with the implementation. I moreover realized that I’m a brief learner. I needed to gain erudition of loads of modern tools and consume them rectify away and that i became capable of manage that.
How did you expand your professional community? Microsoft offers a program called the Intern Networking application that you can settle to opt-in as an intern. the style it really works is that a week you obtain an electronic mail introducing you to a full-time worker from Microsoft working in a special team within the business. Then, you contact mentioned worker and you organize to savor lunch with them. There, you can regain to grasp them, inquire of them about what they do, and inquire of them for suggestions. I did that program and talked to more than a dozen full-time personnel from groups reminiscent of windows, office, and Azure and even other interns from faculties akin to MIT.
How did it uphold you explain your self within the “precise-world?” speaking with authorities, demonstrating application for my team each two weeks, and difficult myself savor complete made me a far better professional in normal. I proved to myself, and to the realm, that i can dangle my ground even when i am absolutely outdoor my consolation zone, which i was at Microsoft. One instant the set I definitely felt validated changed into at the very suspension where I had to demo my closing product to the better usathat savor been my supervisor, my supervisor’s boss and his colleague. They appreciated the product and that they were already discussing how lots money and resources they had been going to set money into it commandeer in entrance of me. one in complete them observed to me, “The proven fact that they are even having this discussion at complete is a kindly sign that you just did a superb job.”
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This chapter from Professional exceed Development: The Definitive lead to Developing Applications Using Microsoft Excel, VBA, and .NET, 2nd Edition<</em> introduces VB.NET along with the .NET Framework, shows how you can automate exceed with VB.NET, and finally covers ADO.NET, which is used to connect to and retrieve data from various data sources.This chapter is from the reserve
In 2002, Microsoft released the first version of its evolution suite Visual Studio.NET (VS.NET) together with the .NET Framework. Since then, Microsoft has released modern versions of the Framework and evolution suite in quick succession. Microsoft has strongly indicated that .NET is the flagship evolution platform now and for the foreseeable future.
Visual Basic.NET (VB.NET) is fragment of VS.NET, and despite its similarity in the denomination with Classic VB (VB6), the two savor minute in common. VB.NET is the successor to Classic VB and as such it provides the capacity to create more technically modern solutions, a great group of modern and updated controls, and a modern advanced IDE. moving from Classic VB to VB.NET is a non-trivial process, primarily because VB.NET is based on a modern and completely different technology platform.
Excel developers moreover physiognomy the situation where applications created with the modern .NET technology necessity to communicate with applications based on the older COM technology, for example, VB.NET applications communicating with Excel. Because exceed is a COM-based application it cannot communicate directly with code written in .NET.All .NET code that communicates with exceed must cross the .NET COM boundary. This is vital to uphold in mind because it is a challenge to manage and can savor significant performance implications.
In the first fragment of this chapter, VB.NET is introduced along with the .NET Framework. The second fragment of this chapter focuses on how they can automate exceed with VB.NET. Finally they cover ADO.NET, which is used to connect to and retrieve data from various data sources. ADO.NET is the successor to classic ADO on the .NET platform.
To provide a better understanding of VB.NET, they develop a practical solution, the PETRAS Report Tool.NET. This solution is a fully functional Windows Forms based reporting tool. It retrieves data from the PETRAS SQL Server database and uses exceed templates to present the reports.
VB.NET, ADO.NET, and the .NET Framework are book-length topics in their own right; what they examine here and in the two following chapters merely scratches the surface. At the suspension of this chapter you find some recommended books and online resources that provide additional detail on these subjects.
The .NET Framework is the core of .NET. Before they can develop or rush any .NET-based solutions, the Framework must exist installed and available. The Framework provides the foundation for complete .NET software development. The .NET Framework is moreover responsible for interoperability between .NET solutions and COM servers and components. This topic is covered later in the chapter. For the purposes of their discussion, they can mediate of the .NET Framework architecture as consisting of two major parts:
The rapid evolution of the .NET Framework is reflected in the great number of versions available. Different Framework versions can coexist on one computer, and multiple versions of the Framework can exist rush side-by-side simultaneously on the very computer. However, an application can only consume one version of the .NET Framework at any one time. The Framework version that becomes dynamic is determined by which version is required by the .NET-based program that is loaded first. A generic recommendation is to only savor one version of the Framework installed on a target computer.
Because there are several different Framework versions in common consume and they may not exist able to control the version available on the computers they target, they necessity to apply the very strategy to the .NET Framework as they attain when targeting multiple exceed versions: Develop against the lowest Framework version they procedure to target. Of course there will moreover exist situations that ordain the Framework version they necessity to target, such as corporate clients who savor standardized on a specific version.
As of this writing, the two most common Framework versions are 2.0 and 3.0. Both versions can exist used on Windows XP, and version 3.0 is included with Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008. Visual Studio 2008 (VS 2008) includes both of these Framework versions as well as version 3.5. By providing complete current Framework versions, VS 2008 makes it simple to select the most commandeer version to consume when pile their solutions. Versions 3.0 and 3.5 of the .NET Framework are backward compatible in a similar manner as the latest versions of the exceed expostulate libraries.
The .NET Framework can rush on complete versions of Windows from Windows 98 forward, but to develop .NET-based solutions they necessity to savor Windows 2000 or later. If they procedure to target Windows XP or earlier they necessity to acquire sure the desired version of the .NET Framework is installed on the target computer, because these Windows versions attain not comprise the Framework preinstalled. complete versions of the Framework are available for download from the Microsoft Web site and can exist redistributed easily. To avoid confusion, they only consume version 2.0 of the .NET Framework in this chapter and the next.
Last time, I described how Apple turned its failure to develop a modern OS into a remarkable success. The purchase of NeXT gave Apple a buzzword-compliant OS with a sound ecosystem of high-quality third-party applications. Meanwhile, Microsoft was lumbering along with Windows XP. Although technically sound, it was shot through with the decisions made more than a decade earlier for 16-bit Windows.
In 2001, when XP was released, this was not such a Big deal. The first two or three versions of Mac OS X were troublesome, to narrate the least. Performance was weak, there were stability issues, and version 10.0 arguably wasn't even feature complete. It wasn't until early 2002 that Apple even made Mac OS X the default OS on modern Macs; for the first few months of its life, XP was up against "Classic" Mac OS 9.Further Reading From Win32 to Cocoa: A Windows user’s would-be conversion to Mac OS X
But OS X didn't stand still. Apple released a string of updates in quick succession, strengthening the platform with modern features relish Core Audio, Core Image, Core Data, and Quartz Extreme, and providing high-quality applications that exploited these abilities. complete this time, XP itself stood still. The core Windows platform didn't change between 2001 and late 2006.
Although XP itself was essentially unchanged, Microsoft did try to produce a modern, appealing platform for future development. That platform was, of course, .NET, and observant readers will savor noticed that I didn't mention it in fragment one. This was no accident, as the total .NET Story deserved a more thorough examination.Microsoft attempts modernity
In 2002, Microsoft released the .NET Framework. The .NET Framework was brand spanking new. It was designed and implemented from the ground up. It could savor been spotless and consistent and orthogonal and with a pellucid design and powerful concepts. It could savor been a pass out of the quagmire that is Win32. It could savor provided salvation—an environment free of 16-bit legacy decisions, with powerful APIs on a par with what Apple had developed.Enlarge / The .NET Framework stack Wikimedia Commons
It was certainly promoted as such. .NET was pushed as the future, the pass complete Windows evolution would occur in the future. The plans became quite aggressive; in the OS that was to succeed Windows XP, modern functionality would exist accessed not through Win32 but through .NET, sense that any developer wanting to exploit the latest and greatest OS features would savor to venture into this heroic modern world.
So .NET could savor been a step into the 21st century. It could savor been, but it wasn't. Technically, .NET was fine. The virtual machine infrastructure was pretty sound, the performance was reasonable, and C# was an adequate (if not exactly ground-breaking) language. But the library—the .NET "API" used for such diverse tasks as writing files, reading data from databases, sending information over a network, parsing XML, or creating a GUI—the library is another Story altogether.
The library is extremely bad. It is simplistic and inflexible and in many ways quite limited. See, .NET has a Big problem: its target audience. .NET was meant to exist a unified platform that complete developers would use—after all, if modern OS features required .NET, a broad cross-section of developers would consume it. The problem is that not complete developers are created equal. By looking at the different kinds of developers out there, they can understand why .NET is the pass it is. What follows is not an exhaustive taxonomy of complete the eerie and wonderful breeds of programmer, but rather a harsh taxonomy of some of the key species.Our favorite benign of primitive crusade swag. A developer taxonomy
At one level, you savor people who are basically traffic analysts; they're using Access or exceed or VB6 to write data analyzing/number crunching applications. These things are hugely vital in the traffic world, totally unexciting to anyone else, and the people writing them aren't really "programmers." I mean, they are, in the sense that they're writing programs, but they're not especially interested in programming or anything relish that. They don't really reliance about the quality of the libraries and tools they're using; they just want something simple enough that they can pick it up without too much difficulty. They'll never write the best code or the best programs in the world; they won't exist elegant or well-structured or pretty to search for at. But they'll work. Historically, as I said, these are the benign of people who Access is made for. Access is a remarkable tool, quite unparalleled. Sure, it's a lousy database engine with a hideous programming language, but the power it gives these people is immense. So Access and VB6 and exceed macros are where it's at for these guys.
At the next level, you savor the journeyman developers. Now these people aren't "business" people—they are proper programmers. But it's just a job, and they'll mind to stick with what they know rather than try to attain something better. They might exist a bit more discerning about their tools than the traffic types, but they're not going to ebb out of their pass to pick up modern skills and learn modern things. They might consume VB6 or Java or C# or whatever; it doesn't really matter to them, as they'll consume whatever offers them the best employment opportunities at any given moment. Their code will probably search for more or less the very no matter what. They're not going to learn the idioms of whatever specific language they're using, because there's no need, so it's just not for them.
A key feature of these developers is that, most of the time, they're writing "enterprise" software. This isn't software that will sit on a shelf in a store for someone to buy; it's custom applications to assist with some traffic process or other. truth exist told, it probably won't savor to search for very nice or travail very well; it just has to regain the job done. With "enterprise" software, you can often regain away with a clunky program, because the people who are using it savor complete been trained on what to do. If doing X makes the application crash, that's okay—they can just exist taught not to attain X any more.
In spite of the often mediocre quality of the software these people write, they're a group that's immensely vital to Microsoft. These programs are a key fragment of the platform lock-in that Microsoft craves. If a company has some business-critical custom application written in Visual Basic 6, that company isn't going to roll out Linux to its desktops; it's trapped on Windows.
At the final level, you savor the conscientious developers. These are people who reliance about what they're doing. They might exist writing traffic apps somewhere (although they probably abhor it, unless they are on a team of like-minded individuals) but, probably more likely, they're writing programs in their own time. They want to learn about what's glacial and new; they want to attain the right thing on their platforms; they want to learn modern techniques and better solutions to existing problems. They might exist using unusual evolution platforms, or they might exist using C++, but they'll exist writing kindly code that's commandeer to their tools. They'll heed UI guidelines (and only rupture them when appropriate); they'll consume modern features that the platform has to offer; they'll thrust things to the limit. In a kindly way, of course.
In the pre-.NET world, this wasn't really a Big problem. The first group used exceed macros and Access; the second group used Visual Basic 6, and the eventual group could consume C++ or whatever beret-wearing funky scripting language was à la mode at the time. This complete worked out fine, because one of the few nice things about Win32 is that it was designed for C. C is in many ways a very simple language, and it's moreover a ubiquitous language. As a consequence of this, pretty much every other programming language created in the eventual pair of decades can, one pass or another, summon C APIs.".NET could savor been a step into the 21st century. It could savor been, but it wasn't."
.NET isn't relish that. Although .NET can summon C APIs (just relish everything else can), the actual objective is for complete programming to reside in the .NET world. .NET is meant to exist the entire platform, with complete the different languages that people consume animate inside the .NET environment. This is why .NET has APIs for tasks relish reading and writing files; in the .NET world you're not meant to consume Win32 to attain these things, you're meant to consume .NET's facilities for doing them. It's quiet workable to consume different languages with .NET (in fact, it's easier than it was in the pre-.NET days). Just now, the different languages complete consume the common set of .NET APIs for drawing windows on screen, or saving files, or querying databases, and so on.
Because everything now has to live "within" the .NET world, .NET has to exist complete things to complete people. Well actually, that's not true. It's trying to exist kindly enough for the first and second benign of programmer. The third type—well, just ignore them. They're too demanding anyway. They're the ones who reliance about their tools and regain upset when an API is badly designed. They're the ones who notice the inconsistencies and omissions and gripe about them.
The .NET library is simple to the point of being totally dumbed down; it's probably okay for the first and second groups, not least because they don't know any better, but for the ease it's an exercise in frustration. This frustration is exacerbated when it's compared to .NET's Big competitor, Java. Java is no panacea; it too is aiming roughly at the middle benign of developer, which is understandable, as they're the most numerous. But Java's much more high-minded. It's much stronger on concepts, making it easier to learn. Sun doesn't regain it right the total time, but the people behind Java savor clearly made something of an effort.
One practical manifestation of this is that .NET reflects a lot of the evil decisions made in Win32. For example, .NET provides an API named Windows Forms for writing GUIs. Windows Forms is based heavily on the Win32 GUI APIs; the very GUI APIs that owe their design to Win16. To properly write Windows Forms programs, you necessity to know how Win32 works, because there are concepts from Win32 that acquire their presence felt in Windows Forms. In Win32, every window is related to a specific thread. There can exist multiple windows that belong to a thread, but every window is owned by exactly one thread. Almost every action that updates a window in some way—moving it on-screen, changing some text, animating some graphics, anything relish that—has to exist performed within the thread that owns the window.
This restriction in itself is not entirely uncommon. There are very few truly multithreaded GUI APIs, because it tends to acquire programs more complicated for no actual benefit. The problem lies in how .NET makes developers maneuver this restriction. There's a pass to test whether an update to a window needs to exist sent to the thread that actually owns the window or not, along with a mechanism for sending the update to the window's thread. Except this pass doesn't always work. Under some situations, it can Tell you that you're using the rectify thread already even if you're not. If the program then carries on and tries to effect the update, it may succeed or it may hang or crash the application. The judgement for this unhelpful deportment is the pass Windows Forms depends so heavily on Win32.
These minute issues are abundant. The .NET library does work. It more or less has complete the main pieces you need, but it's replete of areas where you savor to deal, directly or indirectly, with the obsolescent mediocrity of Win32. On their own, zilch of these issues would exist a show-stopper, but they complete add up. It's a death of a thousand cuts. There are so many places where the Win32 underpinnings "shine through" and taint what should savor been a brand-new platform.What about Win64?
If Win32 was a mess and .NET didn't fix it, the other chance MS could savor had was to fix it for Win64, the 64-bit Windows API. Porting a program to Win64 requires a recompile at the very least, and it can often require code changes to avoid doing things that are safe for 32-bit processors but not for their 64-bit brethren. Because of this necessary recompile, one would mediate that MS could surely savor tidied things up a bit. Maybe not radically overhauled, but tidied up.
For example, there's a office called OpenFile. OpenFile was a Win16 function. It opens files, obviously enough. In Win32 it was deprecated—kept in, to allow 16-bit apps to exist ported to Win32 more easily, but deprecated complete the same. In Win32 it has always been deprecated. The documentation for OpenFile says, "Note: Only consume this office with 16-bit versions of Windows. For newer applications, consume the CreateFile function." But in spite of that, Win64 quiet has OpenFile. No one should exist using it, but it's quiet there.
Another example; Win32 has a office for getting the size of a file. File sizes on Windows are limited to 2^64 bytes, and so they necessity a 64-bit integer to exist expressed easily. But the API summon to regain the size of a file doesn't give you a 64-bit value. Instead, it gives you a pair of 32-bit values that savor to exist combined in a particular way. For 32-bit Windows, that's sort of understandable; 32-bit Windows is, well, 32-bit, so you might not await to exist able to consume 64-bit integers. But if you consume the very API in 64-bit Windows, it quiet gives you the pair of numbers, rather than just a nice simple 64-bit number. While this made some benign of sense on 32-bit Windows, it makes no sense at complete on 64-bit Windows, since 64-bit Windows can, by definition, consume 64-bit numbers.
And of course, developers can cope with this. zilch of this clunkiness is fatal. Taken in isolation, every one of the problems with Win32 and .NET could exist tolerated. But together, they greatly diminish the appeal of the platform. It just makes writing kindly programs harder than it should exist and learning the API harder than it necessity be.Problems for Microsoft
So Windows is just a cataclysm to write programs for. It's miserable. It's quite nice if you want to consume the very techniques you scholarly 15 years ago and not bother to change how you do, well, anything, but for anyone else it's complete pain. I thought before that Microsoft cared about people relish me. But it doesn't. And it makes programming on Windows painful. Microsoft is remarkable at backwards compatibility—you can recall really primitive programs and compile and rush them on a brand modern Windows—but terrible at design and terrible at providing a kindly experience."None of this clunkiness is fatal. Taken in isolation, every one of the problems with Win32 and .NET could exist tolerated. But together, they greatly diminish the appeal of the platform."
And it's not just third parties who suffer. It causes stitch for Microsoft, too. The code isn't just incompatible and gross on the outside; it's that pass on the inside, too. There's a lot of software for Windows, a lot of business-critical software, that's not maintained any more. And that software is usually buggy. It passes evil parameters to API calls, uses memory that it has released, assumes that files live in particular hardcoded locations, complete sorts of things that it shouldn't do. If the OS changes underneath—to prohibit the reuse of freed memory, to more aggressively validate parameters, to stick more closely to the documentation without making extra assumptions or causing special side-effects—then these programs break.
So Windows has complete sorts of bits of code which are there to provide compatibility with these broken applications. It's difficult for MS to maintain and fix this code, because it means the code no longer does what it's documented to do; it does that plus some other stuff. It's difficult to test, because there's no knowing exactly what broken things programs are going to try to do. And it makes things more expensive; Microsoft has all sorts of special behaviours it needs to preserve. This means that not only can it not acquire the API better—it can't even easily acquire the API's implementation better. It's complete too fragile.
This gives tower to particularly slow things relish the denomination of the "system" folder, where complete the Windows libraries and programs are kept. In 16-bit Windows, it was called system. In 32-bit Windows, it was called system32. In 64-bit Windows it's called, er, system32 again. Because although there's an API summon that programs can acquire to find out the denomination of the folder, there are enough programs that don't bother using it and just blindly assume that it's called system32 (even when compiled as 64-bit) that it was better for backwards compatibility to leave it, even though it's chock replete of 64-bit files.
32-bit files in turn ebb into a directory named syswow64. Right, it has 64 in the name, because it contains 32-bit libraries. acquire sense? Only in Redmond. complete these rare behaviors and clumsy APIs that they've built up over the years savor just been plonked wholesale into 64-bit Windows. There's no evade from them.Beyond XP
If MS wasn't going to provide nice spotless APIs for complete the primitive stuff, there was at least some hope that they'd create an attractive and high-quality OS to succeed the (extremely successful) Windows XP. This is, after all, the other fragment of the OS X equation. Apple has set together a kindly platform to develop on and then gone to actually acquire the most of what its operating system has to offer, by producing towering quality applications that depend on the unique features that Mac OS X provides.
Third-party applications very much seem to result suit. There might not exist as much third-party software for Mac OS X as there is for Windows (a pleasing operating environment can only attain so much to mitigate a 3 percent market share), but the quality of the applications is a remarkable deal better. Third-party developers on Mac OS X strive to acquire applications that travail in a pass that's consistent with the OS itself, with first-party applications, and even with each other.
These factors mind to reinforce each other. A kindly API makes it easier to write high-quality applications. High-quality, first-party applications set the touchstone by which third-party apps are judged and ensure that users savor towering expectations of the software they run. This in turn means that there is much more competition among third parties to produce something that's remarkable rather than merely acceptable. Regular updates to the OS uphold developers on the upgrade treadmill; they travail to acquire their applications felicitous in with the latest and greatest release, leveraging whatever modern bells and whistles it provides, further improving the software ecosystem.
In the early stages of Microsoft's evolution of a successor to Windows XP, it looked relish the software side of things might savor taken a leap forward. Win32 would quiet exist Win32, unfortunately, but the original XP successor (codenamed Longhorn) was going to provide a total raft of functionality built using .NET. This would exist coupled with radical changes in Explorer and the Windows shell to provide something much slicker and better-looking than XP offered. Early in the evolution of Longhorn, they saw demos of a modern benign of application; applications built using the modern Longhorn technology, with a consistent search for and feel.
Except, as by now they complete know, Longhorn never made it. Some modern features were dropped completely, others were just scaled back, some were even ported to XP. Even when the underlying technology was kept, the good-looking, easy-to-write application evolution that was promoted never really materialized. Instead, what they got was Windows Vista.Enlarge / Windows Vista's Start menu and its integrated Search box. Andrew Cunningham Vista, Schmista
With the ambitious Longhorn plans sitting in the trash, Microsoft produced a much more evolutionary OS. It has some quick-witted modern technology under the hood, but unfortunately most of this is invisible to anyone using the system. What they attain descry is an uninspiring mess.
The felicitous and finish of Vista is astonishingly poor. With Vista's UI guidelines, Microsoft has tried to recall some things that MacOS has been doing forever and interject them to Windows. For example, dialog boxes in Windows savor traditionally been poorly designed, because their buttons are given generic labels relish "Yes" and "No," or "OK" and "Cancel," which means the entire message has to exist read and understood for the buttons to acquire sense. This is bad, because people generally don't read the message and just click a button at random.
For example, if you try to nigh Notepad without saving your document, Windows used to ask, "Do you want to rescue the changes?" with buttons marked "Yes," "No," and "Cancel." Yes, No, and Cancel low nothing on their own; you necessity to read the message to acquire sense of them. In Vista's Notepad, in keeping with the modern UI guidelines, although the dialogue box quiet asks, "Do you want to rescue changes to Untitled?" the buttons are labeled "Save," "Don't save," and "Cancel." This is much better—the buttons now savor meaningful labels that narrate what they'll attain instead of generic text that could attain anything. It's only taken Microsoft 20 years to regain this right, but finally now it's done so.
The UI guidelines certainly savor the right idea. But they then regain ignored. They regain ignored by Vista itself. They regain ignored by Microsoft's flagship applications relish Office. They regain ignored by third parties. The result is that the entire Windows Vista suffer feels mediocre. Pictures are worth a thousand words, they say, so let's recall a search for at Microsoft's flagship OS running its flagship softwareEnlarge / O_o
Except for one application (Visual Studio 2005) those are complete the current versions of currently-supported Microsoft software released in the eventual pair of years.
None of them—not a unique one—works in the very pass as any other. Only one of them (Notepad) uses the "native" built-in appearance (i.e. the one most easily available to third-party software). Many of them savor features in common—opening and saving files, typing words, editing properties—and yet in some measure they conspire to complete attain so differently. It is a total mess. These aren't just minor failures of consistency, either. The people responsible for these applications savor deliberately chosen to give the platform's touchstone search for and feel the finger. That's evil enough for standalone applications; it's even worse when some of those applications are fragment of the platform itself.
There isn't even any benign of internal consistency. The Explorer Window and the IE window look, at first glance, to exist similar; similar graphical style for the forward/back button, for example. But they're not. The spacing is different; the drop-down arrow in the IE window has more space around it than the counterpart in Explorer.
Even when the very nonstandard concept is used, it's done differently. Windows Live Messenger, Internet Explorer, and Windows Media Player complete savor a "hidden" menu bar. The menu bar is quiet there, just not visible by default. And each one of them exposes its menu bar in a different way, doing essentially the very thing gratuitously differently. It might well exist that getting rid of the menu bar is a kindly idea—but there's no justification at complete for making them complete similar-but-different.
Taken alone, these are complete fairly minor things. set together, the interface is just completely shambolic. It looks amateurish. The quirks of each modern interface savor to exist scholarly anew. This slap-dash approach to look-and-feel gives the impress of a platform that no one really cares about. That very contempt for norms and standards inflicts third-party applications. And, really, why shouldn't it? If Microsoft can't exist bothered to acquire Windows applications that feel relish Windows applications, why should anyone else ebb to the effort? And even if a developer does want to ebb to the effort, what's he meant to recall his cues from? Should he copy IE? WMP? Explorer? Notepad? Office? Visual Studio?
To add insult to injury, it's wasteful. Explorer and IE may search for similar, but they're different codebases. The code to give that benign of no-menu window with an address bar and a search box and this and that, it's not shared between the two. It might savor been at one time. But now it's not. So there's twice the evolution endeavor to create and maintain these applications. What could savor been done once now has to exist done twice. And again for Word, and Outlook, and Visual Studio, and Visio, and Expression Blend. Each time I savor to learn a modern UI, some team at Microsoft had to write a modern UI and test a modern UI and maintain a modern UI. That's not a kindly consume of their time, when they could savor done it once.
Mac OS X is by no means impeccable in this regard, but it's nowhere near as bad. Applications relish the Finder and iTunes establish inescapable norms and conventions, and third-party applications attain a pretty kindly job of following these (or adapting them to modern situations). There aren't OS X applications where the menu bar works totally differently. Apple hasn't produced a different UI style for each and every application. Sure, they attain savor more than one style—the "pro" apps (Aperture, FCP, etc.) consume a darker scheme than bona fide apps—but there's quiet an order of magnitude more consistency and coherence on OS X than on Windows. Apple cares about appearances and Apple provides stout GUI models to copy. The result? Third parties produce good-looking applications that travail relish the OS they rush on. And accordingly, users claim that their applications conform to the overall search for and feel of the platform.
The judgement must exist that no one in Microsoft actually gives a damn. Each group develops their own UI widgets in their own style and they simply don't reliance that it's a total mess. They don't reliance that I savor to learn modern ways of doing the very assignment just because they couldn't exist bothered to attain things the very pass as other applications. I'm not saying, for example, that they shouldn't savor introduced the ribbon concept in Office 2007, because it seems to travail pretty well, and I can believe that it really is a better UI model. But they should savor taken stock of what they were doing and made it a system-wide UI device. modern widgets and UI models attain crop up from time to time, but they should exist rare, and when they attain appear, Microsoft should acquire them generic so that everyone can consume them.
Microsoft's continuous and repetitive reinvention of the wheel again just makes the assignment for third-party developers that much more unpleasant. Because even when a developer does want to acquire something that "fits in," and even when that developer has picked a specific application to felicitous in with, MS quiet offers incompatible choices. recall the Office 2007 ribbon as an example. The ribbon is pretty cool, and it's obvious that third parties will want to consume the ribbon themselves (even if it might not exist the best felicitous for their application, but sadly there's not much that can exist done about that). Unfortunately, the Office 2007 ribbon is fragment of Office 2007. It's not a fragment of Windows, it's instead built in to Office, and not usable for other software.
Recognizing the gap in functionality here, a third-party developer produced its own ribbon-like expostulate that developers could embed into their programs to gain a ribbon user interface. Microsoft in turn bought the third-party expostulate and is now distributing it to developers using the current version of Visual C++. Oh, yeah—it's only for C++ developers. No ribbon for .NET developers. So now MS has two ribbons; the Office code and modern one it bought in. That's frustrating enough—it would exist better to attain the travail to set the Office 2007 ribbon into a nice minute library so the deportment would exist identical—but it's tolerable.
Here's the bit that blows the mind: Microsoft is going to develop another ribbon, this time as fragment of Windows Seven. It won't exist the Office one, and it won't exist the Visual C++ one. It will exist a modern one. And, oh, this one won't exist .NET either. The confusion of UIs in Windows mirrors the confusion of evolution within Microsoft.Enlarge / A familiar store front for many, just not (yet) Peter Bright. Steve Rhodes What about me?
So where does that leave me? I want to write nice applications. I want to exist able to concentrate on my own code rather than fighting the API the total time. I want my applications to felicitous in with the OS and travail in a pass that's consistent with first-party applications and even other third-party programs. I want this because I mediate it leads to better software; it means I can expend my time creating innovative and useful software that people savor using. I really want to attain this, but you know what? On Windows it's just too damn hard.
Microsoft has had kindly opportunities to attain something about this, but they savor been systematically squandered through a combination of ineptitude, mismanagement, and slavish adherence to backwards compatibility. The disillusionment I feel is incredible. I savor writing programs, but I don't savor writing for Windows. And while once it made sense to stick with Windows, it just doesn't any more. There's now an attractive alternative: Mac OS X.
This has been fragment two of a three-part series. In fragment three, I will search for at just how Microsoft got into this state and what it might attain to regain Windows' position as the best computing platform going.
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