EUCOC exam Dumps Source : Intermediate Certificate in EU Code of(R) Conduct for Data centres
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Test name : Intermediate Certificate in EU Code of(R) Conduct for Data centres
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what's an ISEB supervisor's certificates in IT provider management? and can you expose me what ITIL is? These each had been requested in a fresh job description.For tips in regards to the ISEB supervisor's certificate in IT service management, gratify observe this internet site. you'll additionally are looking to study the instructions at this site.
so far as i will tell, here is an expert development endeavor that mixes working towards and checks to strengthen already-licensed managers -- who gain to first attain an ISEB/EXIN foundation certificate in IT provider management (or the ISEB community provider management certificates, which offers exemption) -- into more senior certifications in the specific areas of carrier back or service start.
so far as ITIL goes, that refers back to the IT Infrastructure Library, a largely European approach to managing IT features, supported via British routine 15000 (BS15000). observe this internet web page for greater tips.
It sounds such as you're since employment somewhere within the European Union, if no longer within the UK. decent success and hope that helps!
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international conventions and local laws merge to create a posh felony regime, which is frequently not noted. The sale of a ship or rig to an intermediate purchaser, which then sells the asset on to a shipbreaking facility, will not always insulate the fashioned owner from future legal responsibility or reputational hurt.
towards this heritage, house owners and different events involved in transboundary actions of marine assets for recycling may find this text constructive.what is the Basel conference?
The convention on the control of Transboundary actions of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal made at Basel on 22 March 1989 is commonly universal because the Basel conference. it is a world treaty between 187 states (out of 193 UN member states). therefore, most international locations around the globe are parties. A brilliant exception is the USA, which signed the Basel convention in 1990 but has in no pass ratified it.
The Basel convention turned into brought to adjust – and to some extent discourage – the transboundary stream of hazardous wastes, with the aid of subjecting every such stream to the prior counseled consent of the equipped regulators in the state of export of the waste, the intended state of import and any transit states. The stream of hazardous consume undertaken devoid of such consent constitute unlawful traffic below the convention.
The Basel conference is an settlement between states, and so is not directly relevant to private parties. although, every state party to the convention is required to implement the convention in its personal prison device. additionally, whereas the convention units a baseline for compliance, it doesn't evade states from introducing more exhausting necessities, or wider prohibitions, than those laid down in the conference. the eu Union, as an example, has delivered further necessities and prohibitions in treasure of a number of hazardous resources. it's therefore censorious in every case to accept as true with no longer so plenty the language of the convention, however the implementing legislation and any significant law in each of the jurisdictions of export, transit and import. that's why the Basel conference regime is often spoke of as opposed to the Basel convention itself.
Regional conventions gain introduced regulatory regimes in Africa, the Mediterranean and in different places. For homeowners of end-of-lifestyles marine assets, local due diligence is required to occupy into account and exploit the commonly conflicting requirements in states of export, import and transit.Why is the Basel conference regime central to ship and rig recycling?
The conference doesn't advert mainly to ships or rigs. It refers instead to hazardous waste. consume is described in such a pass that a ship or rig becomes consume when its proprietor types an kick to scrap or recycle it. Such kick is constantly formed in strengthen of the proprietor contracting to promote the asset for recycling, and smartly in enhance of the closing of the sale of the asset to the purchaser. The convention is for this reason directly imperative to the transboundary stream of rigs and ships which their house owners gain identified for demolition, as a result of these rigs and ships nearly always comprise portions of hazardous substances (eg, asbestos, mercury, polychlorinated biphenyls and different substances).
beneath the eu consume cargo law (1013/2006), the european Union has delivered law extending the Basel convention’s tasks to totality waste, whether hazardous or no longer. The legislation is directly relevant in totality european member states and bans the export of consume from the european Union for recovery to any region outdoor of the agency for monetary Cooperation and edifice (and bans the export of consume from the ecu Union for disposal to any region backyard of the eu Free change affiliation).
It has long been known that a ship can besides constitute consume beneath the that means of the Basel conference and on the identical time subsist described as a ship under different international guidelines (as cited via the conference of the events to the Basel conference recorded at its seventh assembly in 2004 in selection VII/26 on environmentally sound administration of ship dismantling). The identical precept applies to rigs.
The recent Rotterdam District court conclusion in Seatrade(1) confirms, unsurprisingly, that the region is the exact same under the ecu consume shipment law (below which ships delineate consume for the goal of the rules even if once they continue to subsist industrial carrier and raise cargo totality over a Part of the voyage to their closing vacation spot).Why may noiseless the Basel conference regime subsist complied with?
Compliance with legislations may noiseless no longer subsist regarded as optional. Compliance with anti-bribery law is now universally authorized as a vital issue; the position with regards to compliance with environmental laws such because the Basel regime should noiseless not subsist any distinctive.
The conference requires each state birthday party to introduce arrogate country wide or domestic legislations to evade and castigate unlawful site visitors (and a lot of state parties gain introduced such law). within the European Union, the european consume shipment law requires member states to accomplish confident that penalties are in district to castigate infringements of the law, and that such penalties subsist valuable, proportionate and dissuasive. additionally, the eu Environmental crook Directive (2008/99/EC) requires member states to criminalise breaches of the eu consume cargo regulation. Criminalisation extends to:
The permeate of compliance with the Basel convention regime is low. however, the skills can permeate of non-compliance is excessive and will include:
Breaches of the Basel conference regime at the instant are prosecuted pass more aggressively than they was, assisted partially with the aid of the secretariat of the Basel convention’s booklet of an guideline manual on the Prosecution of illegal site visitors of Hazardous Wastes or different Wastes.
On a extra positive note, company gregarious responsibility can enhance a corporation’s recognition and compliance with environmental legal guidelines should noiseless subsist a subsist counted of reputational possibility instead of possibility.Is it enough to conform to the Hong Kong convention?
The Hong Kong exotic convention for the secure and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships aims to minimise and dispose of accidents, injuries and other adverse outcomes on human fitness and the environment caused by ship recycling.
The Hong Kong convention covers:
a few international Maritime employer guidelines had been developed and adopted to aid states within the early implementation of the Hong Kong conference, including the:
There are two essential features to word in the case of the Hong Kong convention. First, unlike the Basel conference, the Hong Kong convention isn't yet in drive. It became adopted in 2009 but will simplest forward into drive 24 months after its ratification by 15 states representing forty% of the obscene tonnage of the world’s service provider delivery, supplied the mixed optimum annual ship recycling quantity of these states totality the pass through the preceding 10 years constitutes at the least 3% of the obscene tonnage of the combined merchant transport of the identical states.
in addition, comparable to the Basel conference, the Hong Kong convention is just an settlement between states, and so isn't without delay relevant to inner most parties. It requires implementation into the respective countrywide or home laws of the state events.
besides the fact that children, it's besides value highlighting privilege here:
extra, the Hong Kong convention doesn't address the rigor of the transboundary shuffle of ships or rigs to recycling amenities and does not dispense with compliance with the Basel conference regime.Will the legislation exempt eu-flagged ships from the Basel conference regime?
lots of the provisions of the ecu Ship Recycling legislation came into drive on 31 December 2018, and from that date, ships flying the flag of an ecu member state will (unless otherwise excluded from the scope of the legislation) topple backyard the scope of the ecu consume shipment law and only subsist approved to subsist recycled at one of the most ship recycling amenities listed within the European checklist of ship recycling facilities.
The european Ship Recycling regulation defines a ‘ship’ as:
a vessel of any category in anyway operating or having operated in the marine atmosphere, and includes submersibles, floating craft, floating structures, self-elevating systems, Floating Storage instruments (FSUs), and Floating creation Storage and Offloading devices (FPSOs), as well as a vessel stripped of gadget or being towed.
This definition looks sufficiently wide to extend to most if not totality cell offshore drilling gadgets.
whereas most eu-flagged trade ships will subsist domain to the eu Ship Recycling law, some ships topple outside its scope, namely:
These will continue to subsist subject to the necessities of the european consume cargo rules.
while the eu Ship Recycling rules seeks to exempt the colossal majority of european-flagged trade ships from compliance with the ecu consume shipment regulation, it offers no exemption from compliance with a number prohibitions which can subsist directly imperative to the export of ships or rigs for demolition and recycling, for instance prohibitions regarding the export of ozone depleting materials, fluorinated greenhouse gases and mercury.
seriously, the legality and effectiveness of the ecu Union’s attempted exemption of eu-flagged ships from compliance with the ecu consume shipment rules are, insofar as it affects the rights of non-european events to the Basel convention in respect of selected ship or rig movements, dubious at most excellent.
there is a robust dispute that this purported exemption will (once more, to the extent that it influences the rights of different state parties under the Basel convention) battle with the requirements of Article 41 of the Vienna conference on the legislations of Treaties;
The ecu Ship Recycling rules will not exempt the owner of an european-flagged ship which is physically located in, or transiting via, a non-ecu state from compliance with domestic law implementing the Basel convention in that non-eu state (eg, a Maltese-flagged ship which is being offered “as is, where is” in Singapore for recycling functions can subsist district to Singapore’s legal guidelines implementing the Basel conference. youngsters, the proprietor will besides subsist required beneath the eu Ship Recycling legislation to accomplish certain that the ship is recycled simplest at a ship recycling facility it's blanketed in the European checklist).
To the extent that an eu-flagged ship or rig is to subsist exported from a non-eu jurisdiction, the european Ship Recycling regulation seems ineffective in changing the Basel conference regime.
where an ecu-flagged ship or rig is to subsist exported from an eu jurisdiction to a non-ecu jurisdiction, compliance with the ecu Ship Recycling rules will no longer insulate the proprietor from:
The Draft settlement on the Withdrawal of the UK of excellent Britain and northern ireland from the ecu Union and the eu Atomic energy group, as agreed at negotiators’ level on 14 November 2018, contemplates that:
It hence looks, subject to an agreement in fact being reached on these phrases, that the ecu Ship Recycling law will proceed to celebrate to UK-flagged ships and to transboundary movements of eu-flagged ships from, to or in the course of the united kingdom past 29 March 2019 and for the remains of the transition age within the identical means as if the UK had remained an ecu member state.remark
The Basel conference, the ecu consume cargo law and the eu Ship Recycling rules gain delivered complicated regimes, the total implications of which requisite to subsist considered extraordinarily carefully. local due diligence is required to stand in mind and control the frequently conflicting necessities in states of export, import and transit. owners and other parties involved in ship or rig recycling initiatives requisite legal advisers who're skilled with totality features of the Basel conference regime, the practical considerations arising in connection with Basel notifications and the idiosyncrasies of the utility technique in a variety of jurisdictions.source: Wikborg Rein
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Ballots Counted in 2017 ARRL Director, Vice Director Elections
The votes are in, and the ballots gain been tallied at ARRL Headquarters in contested Director and Vice Director elections.
Dakota Division Director-Elect Matt Holden, K0BBC.
In a two-way race to fill the Dakota Division Director's chair being vacated by Kent Olson, KA0LDG, the Division's members elected Vice Director Matt Holden, K0BBC, of Bloomington, Minnesota. Holden received 698 votes, while Dean Summers, N0ND, of Dickinson, North Dakota, got 345 votes. Holden was appointed Vice Director in February 2016 after former Director Greg Widin, K0GW, became ARRL First Vice President. Olson announced earlier this year that he would not seek another term.
In a four-way race for the Vice Director's chair that Holden will vacate, the winner was North Dakota Section Manager Lynn Nelson, W0ND, of Minot. Nelson earned 427 votes; Tom Karnauskas, N0UW, of Owatonna, Minnesota, received 338 votes; Chris Stallkamp, KI0D, of Selby, South Dakota got 175 votes; and Jay Maynard, K5ZC, of Fairmont, Minnesota, picked up 93 votes.
In the Atlantic Division, ARRL members chose former FCC Special Counsel Riley Hollingsworth, K4ZDH, of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, as Vice Director. In the final tally, Hollingsworth received 2,559 votes, while Lloyd Roach, K3QNT, of Bedford, Pennsylvania, garnered 1,348 votes.
Ballots were counted on November 17 at ARRL Headquarters. [Dave Isgur photo]
In the Midwest Division, Director Rod Blocksome, K0DAS, easily held off a re-election challenge from Cecil Miller, WB0RIW, of Wichita, Kansas, 1,249 to 792. Blocksome was elected Midwest Division Vice Director in 2011. In 2014, he was the only candidate to succeed retiring Director Cliff Ahrens, K0CA.
Unopposed for fresh terms were Atlantic Division Director Tom Abernethy, W3TOM; Delta Division Director David Norris, K5UZ; Delta Division Vice Director Ed Hudgens, WB4RHQ; grandiose Lakes Division Director Dale Williams, WA8EFK; grandiose Lakes Division Vice Director Tom Delaney, W8WTD, and Midwest Division Vice Director craft Zygielbaum, K0AIZ.
All successful candidates launch fresh 3-year terms on January 1, 2018.
Status Report: The dilettante Radio Parity Act of 2017
The dilettante Radio Parity Act of 2017 - S. 1534 is alive, but with legislative action slowed to a glacial pace on Capitol Hill in recent months, there's been no actual progress to report since this past summer. At present, the bill is under consideration by the US Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, and it remains an vigorous concern for ARRL. The League is working diligently to shiver the bill loose and shuffle it forward.
While it may emerge that time is short, S. 1534 does not requisite to pass the Senate by year's end. The bill remains in play until the current session of Congress adjourns, which doesn't chance until December 31, 2018. Once the bill has been passed by both chambers, the FCC would noiseless gain to implement its essence in the Part 97 dilettante Service rules.
Introduced on July 12, S. 1534 marked another step forward for the landmark legislation. Senators Roger Wicker (R-MS) and Richard Blumenthal (D-CT) sponsored the bill in the Senate. The US House version of the legislation, HR 555, passed the House of Representatives by unanimous consent last January.
FCC Dismisses Radio Amateur's Petition to Revise summon badge Rules
The FCC has dismissed a rule-making petition filed last May by Thomas J. Alessi, K1TA, of Stamford, Connecticut, that sought to amend the Part 97 rules regarding dilettante Radio Service summon signs. The Commission action came in a November 28 missive from Scot Stone, Deputy Chief of the FCC Wireless Telecommunications Bureau Mobility Division. Alessi had asked the FCC to accomplish summon signs consisting of one letter, followed by two digits, followed by one missive (1 xx 1 format) available to dilettante Extra-class licensees. Alessi asserted that the number of dilettante Extra-class licensees who want short summon signs exceeds the available supply of 1 x 2 and 2 x 1 summon signs, and that his plan would accomplish available an additional 7,800 four-character summon signs.
"Approximately fifteen million summon signs are presently available in the sequential summon badge system, but it does not include every dilettante summon badge that has been allocated to the United States," Stone wrote in denying Alessi's petition. He besides pointed out that the FCC had rejected a similar suggestion in 2010 that would gain made certain additional summon signs, including 1 xx 1 summon signs, available to dilettante Extra-class licensees, but concluded at the time that enough summon signs were already available for every dilettante Radio licensee to obtain an acceptable summon sign. In addition, the FCC said in 2010 that it had no plans to revisit the issue.
"You gain not demonstrated any changed circumstances or other reason that would warrant revisiting this decision," Stone's missive concluded.
ARRL Board of Directors Publicly Censures Southwestern Division Director
Acting on a recommendation of its Ethics and Elections Committee, the ARRL Board of Directors has publicly censured one of its own -- ARRL Southwestern Director Dick Norton, N6AA. On an 11-3 vote, with one member abstaining, the Board adopted a resolution to censure Norton for criticizing the ARRL Code of Conduct for Board members at an dilettante Radio gathering "by virtue of his characterizations thereof, thus criticizing publicly the collective action of the Board of Directors adopting said Code of Conduct and drawing the Board's collective conclusion making into disrepute." The Board admonished Norton that no further similar deportment would subsist tolerated.
The resolution cited "multiple portions of the Code of Conduct" that Norton was found to gain violated. The Board's action related to a complaint filed with the Ethics and Elections Committee by an ARRL member. The Board met in special session by teleconference on November 14 to reckon the matter.
According to the resolution, fellow Board members had cautioned Norton that "his actions and his manner" in criticizing the Code of Conduct for Board members were "not acceptable and cannot continue, with no notable change in his deportment since that time."
Norton had been provided with a copy of the Ethics and Elections Committee resolution, dated September 7, 2017, and responded to it in writing, accompanied by statements of four ARRL members who supported his response.
The Board found that Norton's violation of the ARRL Code of Conduct had "caused harm to the League" and provided sufficient occasions to publicly censure Norton for "unacceptable deportment as an ARRL Board member."
The minutes of the special ARRL Board of Directors meeting gain been posted on the ARRL website.
The Doctor Will observe You Now!
"Coaxial Cable vs. Balanced Lines" is the topic of the fresh (November 9) episode of the "ARRL The Doctor is In" podcast. Listen...and learn!
Sponsored by DX Engineering, "ARRL The Doctor is In" is an informative discussion of totality things technical. Listen on your computer, tablet, or smartphone -- whenever and wherever you like!
Every 2 weeks, your host, QST Editor-in-Chief Steve Ford, WB8IMY, and the Doctor himself, Joel Hallas, W1ZR, will dispute a broad range of technical topics. You can besides e-mail your questions to firstname.lastname@example.org, and the Doctor may retort them in a future podcast.
Enjoy "ARRL The Doctor is In" on Apple iTunes, or by using your iPhone or iPad podcast app (just search for "ARRL The Doctor is In"). You can besides listen online at Blubrry, or at Stitcher (free registration required, or browse the site as a guest) and through the free Stitcher app for iOS, Kindle, or Android devices. If you've never listened to a podcast before, download their beginner's guide.
Just ahead: "Listener Mailbag."
Major fresh Edition of The ARRL Handbook is Now Available!
The 2018 edition of The ARRL Handbook for Radio Communications has undergone a complete makeover and is now available. First published in 1926, the most widely used one-stop reference and sheperd to radio technology principles and practices over the years since has documented the state-of-the-art in dilettante Radio as well as emerging technologies in radio experimentation, discovery, and achievement. The 95th edition of The Handbook has been extensively updated, and includes significant fresh content. Each chapter has been authored and edited by experts in the subject. ARRL CEO Tom Gallagher, NY2RF, is promoting The Handbook as a valuable resource for fresh and veteran hams alike.
"For fresh hams, you will subsist amazed at how quickly you become familiar, not only with the theory, but besides with the practical aspects of radio -- from long waves to microwaves," he said. "For experienced hams, you're in for a astonish and delight when you observe the extent of the latest revisions. This edition is the most comprehensive revision since the 2014 edition."
Readers can download a fully searchable, digital edition of the Handbook, plus expanded supplemental content, software, PC board templates, and other advocate files.
The Handbook is not just for radio amateurs. For years now, it's proved to subsist a valuable resource for professionals and students in radio and communication technology, electrical engineering, data communication, physics, and geophysics.
New projects in the 2018 edition include VHF/UHF/Microwave Filters and Transmission Lines; Software-Controlled and Manual Preselectors for 1.8-30 MHz; Digital Mode Audio-Based VOX/PTT Interface; PICAXE-Based Timer; 6-Meter Halo Antenna; astronomical Wheel VHF/UHF Mobile Antenna, and an Off-Center End-Fed Portable 40-6 Meter Antenna.
Readers of the 2018 edition of The Handbook will besides find fresh and updated information on software-defined radio (SDR) and digital signal processing (DSP), grounding and bonding, Solar Cycle 24-25, tower safety, and remote-control station building.
The ARRL Handbook is available in hardcover and softcover editions from the ARRL Store or your ARRL Dealer. Hardcover: ARRL Order No. 0727, ISBN 978-1-62595-072-7, $59.95 retail. Softcover: ARRL Order No. 0710, ISBN 978-1-62595-071-0, $49.95 retail. summon (860) 594-0355 or, toll-free in the US, (888) 277-5289.
Sign Up for ARRL's 12 Days of Deals!
We're making a list and checking it twice. birth Monday, December 4, 2017, ARRL will subsist offering 12 days of deals. Subscribe by entering your name, summon sign, and e-mail address in the fields provided. You'll receive an e-mail every day for 12 days with a special online deal. Each deal is sound for 1 day only at www.arrl.org/shop.
ARRL's 12 days of deals concludes Friday, December 15, 2017.
Sign up now, and unwrap a fresh deal every day!
AO-91 Commissioned, Declared Open for dilettante Use!
AMSAT-NA's latest dilettante Radio CubeSat, RadFxSat (Fox-1B), now known as AO-91, has been opened for general use. AMSAT Engineering officially announced that AO-91 was ready for exhaust at 0650 UTC on Thanksgiving Day, November 23. AMSAT VP of Engineering, Jerry Buxton, N0JY, turned over operation to ticket Hammond, N8MH, and AMSAT Operations during a contact on the AO-91 repeater during the pass over the Eastern US, AMSAT said in a bulletin.
The latest CubeSat in the Fox chain was launched on November 18 from Vandenberg Air obligate foundation in California. Telemetry is downlinked via the DUV sub-audible telemetry stream, which can subsist decoded using FoxTelem software.
A 1U CubeSat, RadFxSat (Fox-1B) is a joint mission of AMSAT and the Institute for Space and Defense Electronics (ISDE) at Vanderbilt University. AMSAT constructed the rest of the satellite, including the spaceframe, on-board computer, and power system. The dilettante Radio package is similar to that currently on orbit on AO-85, with an uplink on 435.250 MHz (67.0 Hz CTCSS) and a downlink on 145.960 MHz. -- Thanks to AMSAT intelligence Service
Amateur Radio-Carrying D-Star One CubeSat among Spacecraft Apparently Lost
The first dilettante Radio satellite to employ the D-Star digital voice and data format -- D-Star One -- was among about 20 secondary payloads lost on November 28 after an otherwise nominal launch of a three-stage Soyuz 2.1 booster from the fresh Vostochny Cosmodrome in the far reaches of eastern Russia.
The mission carried the Russian Meteor M2-1 satellite -- the primary payload -- as well as a Canadian Telestar experimental satellite, and 17 other secondary payloads, including D-Star One. According to reports, a frailty occurred in the sophisticated and autonomous Fregat upper stage, which, after separating from the launch vehicle, inserts multiple spacecraft into their respective orbits. A so-called "space tug," Fregat has been in service for nearly 2 decades and has suffered three previous failures. Russian space agency Roscosmos is investigating the Fregat failure.
D-Star One, the first German commercial CubeSat, carried four communication modules, two designated for dilettante Radio use.
D-Star One was developed by German Orbital Systems in cooperation with the Czech company iSky Technology as Part of a plan to eventually assemble a low-Earth orbit communication network.
"Hopefully, we'll deserve another desultory to utilize D-Star communications with a satellite repeater sometime in the future," Wayne Day, N5WD, commented on the AMSAT-BB.
The Fregat upper stage functions as an orbital vehicle in its own privilege to access a range of orbital configurations through a chain of "burns." Made up of six spherical tanks arrayed in a circle, Fregat is "independent from the lower three stages, having its own guidance, navigation, control, tracking, and telemetry systems," according to Gunter's Space Page.
The November 28 launch was only the second from the fresh cosmodrome.
IARU Cites Progress Toward 50 MHz Region 1 Allocation
The International dilettante Radio Union (IARU) says "significant progress" was made during World Radiocommunication Conference 2019 (WRC-19) preparations that took region earlier this month at International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Headquarters in Geneva. But the IARU cautioned that a lot remains to subsist done before the "reservations and concerns of regulators and spectrum users are adequately satisfied."
For the team representing IARU in Working Party 5A (WP 5A) of ITU Radiocommunication Sector (ITU-R), the main focus was on the WRC-19 agenda detail that will reckon an dilettante Radio allocation in Region 1 from 50 to 54 MHz that is similar to the one available in Regions 2 and 3. The current, mainly secondary, allocation of 50-52 MHz in most European countries is a regional agreement. Delegates to the meeting considered input documents from IARU, France, the Russian Federation, and Switzerland. A harsh consensus was achieved on the text that will provide the technical basis for discussions concerning the access to 50-54 MHz for the dilettante Service in Region 1.
Other key issues affecting the dilettante Service that remain to subsist addressed prior to WRC-19 include securing protection for dilettante Service primary allocations at 24 GHz and 47 GHz and minimizing viable interference arising from Wireless Power Transmission (WPT) for the charging of electric vehicles. Read more. -- Thanks to the IARU
JOTA "Alive and Doing Well," Although 2017 Participation Down from last Year
Nearly 8,000 Scouts got on the air for the 60th Jamboree on the Air (JOTA) over the third weekend in October, National JOTA Coordinator Jim Wilson, K5ND, said. This week, Wilson released the 2017 JOTA report, which declared, "Radio Scouting and Jamboree on the Air are alive and doing well." Facilitating the October JOTA activity were more than 900 radio amateurs at 525 stations.
"Propagation wasn't their friend, but, even so, [radio amateurs in] almost 90 countries and totality 50 states engaged in conversations with Scouts during the weekend," Wilson said. "In addition to HF, VHF, and UHF, many dilettante Radio digital modes were in use, as well as online Jamboree on the Internet channels."
The tally for JOTA 2017 was 7,872 Scouts on the air, which, Wilson pointed out, was down from the 10,761 who took Part in JOTA 2016, but more in line with 2015's participation. Reports were filed by 226 JOTA locations.
"The Boy Scouts of America National Radio Scouting Committee will subsist exploring several improvement projects for 2018," Wilson said. These would include establishing a JOTA Frequency job obligate to explore updated frequency listing and operating recommendations, looking into fresh ways to alert participants in actual time about other JOTA stations that are on the air.
This young Boy Scout got on the air at a JOTA station hosted by the Huntsville dilettante Radio Club (K4BFT)
The Radio Scouting Committee's drudgery in 2017 resulted in the introduction of fresh Radio Merit Badge requirements, which included a fresh option for dilettante Radio Direction Finding (ARDF) -- or "foxhunting." The panel besides developed documents to back Scout leaders incorporate radio and JOTA in their unit activities.
Wilson pointed out that the K2BSA operation at the 2017 National Scout Jamboree in July introduced dilettante Radio to nearly 2,500 Scouts, with 305 earning the Radio Merit Badge.
Year-Long NASA On The Air Event Kicks off on December 11
The dilettante Radio clubs at National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) centers around the US gain invited the dilettante Radio community to combine the NASA On The Air (NOTA) special event. NOTA gets under pass in December and continues through December 2018. In addition to being the agency's 60th anniversary, 2018 will ticket 50 years since NASA orbited the first human around the moon, and 20 years since the first elements of the International Space Station (ISS) were launched into low-Earth orbit.
The Marshall Space Flight Center's NN4SA is one of the NASA heart stations that will subsist vigorous during NOTA.
Starting on Monday, December 11, 2017, dilettante Radio club stations at various NASA centers and facilities will subsist on the air with special event operations to celebrate these monumental achievements, as well as current milestones. Some clubs will present commemorative QSL cards, and a special certificate will subsist available indicating the number of NASA club stations worked on various bands and modes.
"We plan to gain a web-based system for you to check your points total and download a printable certificate at the cessation of the event in December 2018," the NASA announcement said. "Points will subsist awarded for each heart worked on each troop and mode (phone, CW, digital, and 'space' modes -- satellites, meteor scatter, EME, ISS APRS)." That would, of course, include contacts with any of the dilettante Radio stations on the ISS.
Key anniversaries during NOTA include the 45th anniversary of Apollo 17 on December 11, 2017, which kicks off the event; NASA's founding on July 29, 1958; the 20th anniversary of the ISS first factor launch on November 20, 1998; the 20th anniversary of the ISS Node 1 Launch on December 4, 1998, and the 50th anniversary of Apollo 8 -- launched on December 21, 1968, and returned on December 27 -- marking the cessation of the event.
More information is on the NASA On The Air website. Participating dilettante Radio clubs and the NOTA event are independent of -- and not officially sponsored by -- NASA. Read more. -- Thanks to Rob Suggs, KB5EZ, NASA Marshall Space Flight heart dilettante Radio Club (NN4SA), and Kevin Zari, KK4YEL, NASA Kennedy Space heart dilettante Radio Club (N1KSC).
Ulrich Rohde, N1UL, Receives Wireless Innovation Forum Leadership Award
The oft-honored Ulrich Rohde, N1UL, is the recipient of the Wireless Innovation Forum Leadership Award (formerly International Achievement Award). The award recognizes "especially significant contributions in furthering the global mission of the Wireless Innovation Forum." A prolific technical author, academic, and engineer, Rohde is a partner of Rohde & Schwarz in Munich, Germany, and chairman of Synergy Microwave Corporation, in Paterson, fresh Jersey.
While working under an RCA US Department of Defense compress in 1982, Rohde's department developed the first software-defined radio (SDR), which used the COSMAC (complementary symmetry monolithic array computer) chip. Rohde was among the first to present publicly on this topic with his 1985 talk, "Digital HF Radio: A Sampling of Techniques," at the Third International Conference on HF Communication Systems and Techniques in London.
"Since then, Rohde has actively driven innovation in the domain of SDR, both in industry and academia," the Award announcement said. Rohde holds some 50 patents. In December 2016, Rohde was invited to deliver the Sir J.C. Bose Memorial Lecture on "Next-Generation Networks: Software-Defined Radio -- Emerging Trends," at IEEE Hyderabad, India. In the 2017 edition of Communications Receivers, Rohde and his co-authors set SDR at the core of modern communications systems design.
A project in which Rohde & Schwarz is involved was besides honored. The Wireless Innovation Forum conferred its Technology of the Year award on the German Armed Forces Joint Composite Radio apparatus Project; Rohde & Schwarz is lead industry partner.
Winners were announced at the Wireless Innovation Forum Conference on Communications Technologies and Software-Defined Radio (WInnComm 2017), held in San Diego November 15-17.
Canada's Polar Prince WSPR beacon will ID with a fresh summon badge on the revert leg of its voyage. With the successful completion of the Canada C3 Expedition via the Northwest Passage that culminated with the arrival of the Polar Prince in Victoria, British Columbia, the CG3EXP special event summon badge has been retired. The Polar Prince will continue to carry an Ultimate 3 WSPR beacon as the ship returns to the East Coast via the Panama Canal, identifying as VE0EXP. The CG3EXP WSPR beacon transmitted on 20, 30, and 40 meters. Anyone with an HF receiver and the free WSPR application may subsist able to receive the VE0EXP signal and track the vessel's location on WSPRnet. -- Thanks to Radio Amateurs of Canada
Statistics testify that the dilettante Radio population in the UK has grown by approximately 10% over the past 5 years. According to telecommunications regulator Ofcom, as of the cessation of August 2017, there were 52,195 full licensees, 9,739 Intermediate licensees, and 22,649 Foundation licensees. Figures recently released in response to a liberty of Information request from Peter Bowyer, G4MJS, covered the age from June 2010 and August 2017. The statistics besides note 803 Reciprocal licensees in June 2016. Overseas visitors effect not requisite a Reciprocal license, if they are visiting the UK for up to 3 months from CEPT T/R 61-01 signatory countries such as the US, Canada, Australia, fresh Zealand, or CEPT signatories in Europe. Ofcom previously issued Reciprocal license holders with summon signs that were indistinguishable from full license summon signs; Ofcom now uses the term "Full (Temporary Reciprocal) Licence." In response to a liberty of Information request for a list of available (unassigned) dilettante Radio summon signs from Derek Flewin, 2W0FLW, Ofcom responded, "We no longer hold a list of available dilettante Radio summon signs, as they now exhaust a system that randomly allocates summon signs upon request."
ARISS has announced that the MAI-75 Slow-Scan (SSTV) system on the ISS will subsist on the air starting on December 5 at around 1500 UTC and continuing until December 6 at 0900 UTC, transmitting test images on 145.800 MHz FM that should subsist available worldwide. SSTV activity on December 7 and 8 is scheduled to occur at times when the ISS is above Moscow. In the past images gain been sent in PD180 mode, with a 3-minute off time between each image. The SSTV system is in the Russian Service Module of the International Space Station (ISS). -- Thanks to ARISS
SKYWARNâ¢ Recognition Day (SRD) takes region on Saturday, December 2, from 0000 until 2400 UTC (starts on the evening of Friday, December 1, in US time zones). During the SKYWARN Special Event, operators at stations set up in National Weather Service (NWS) offices will contact radio amateurs around the world. Participating stations will exchange a brief description of their current weather with as many NWS-based stations as viable on 80, 40, 20, 15, 10, 6, and 2 meters, plus 70 centimeters. Repeater contacts are permitted. SRD was developed jointly in 1999 by the NWS and ARRL to celebrate the contributions SKYWARN volunteers accomplish to the NWS mission -- the protection of life and property.
The K7RA Solar Update
Tad Cook, K7RA, Seattle, reports: The outlook for the near term shows solar flux at 72, 71, and 69 for November 30-December 2, 68 on December 3-6; 70 and 71 on December 7-8; 72 on December 9-12; 74 on December 13; 75 on December 14-16; 74 on December 17; 73 on December 18-20; 74 on December 21-22; 76 on December 23-29; 72 on December 30-31; 70 on January 1-3; 71 on January 4; 72 on January 5-8; 74 on January 9; 75 on January 10-12, and 74 on January 13.
The predicted planetary A index is 10, 6, 5, and 5 on November 30-December 3; 32, 36, 18, 20, and 10 on December 4-8; 5 on December 9-10; 12, 15, 12, and 8 on December 11-14; 5 on December 15-16; 8, 25, and 10 on December 17-19; 8 on December 20-21; 5 on December 22-23; 15 on December 24; 12 on December 25-27; 8 on December 28; 5 on December 29-30; 35, 40, 28, 20, and 10 on December 31-January 4; 5 on January 5-6; 12, 15, 12, 8, and 5 on January 7-11, and 8 on January 12-13.
Sunspot numbers for November 23 through 29, 2017 were 0, 0, 13, 15, 15, 14, and 12, with a spell of 9.9. The 10.7-centimeter flux was 72.4, 74.1, 74.3, 75.5, 73.6, 71.9, and 72.6, with a spell of 73.5. Estimated planetary A indices were 9, 10, 7, 3, 5, 8, and 5, with a spell of 6.7. Estimated mid-latitude A indices were 7, 8, 4, 2, 4, 6, and 4, with a spell of 5.
Send me your reports and observations.
Getting It Right
Ross Primrose, N4RP, took issue with their clumsy and recondite wording of a sentence in the account "International Grid Chase Will Allow exhaust of 630 and 2200 Meters" in the November 16 edition of The ARRL Letter. They should gain said, "If UTC does not respond within 30 days or does not specifically negate access, these stations may commence operation there."
The announcement for the 2017 ARRL 10 Meter Contest, as published in November 2017 QST (p. 94) contains incorrect information. Participants may elect to operate CW, Phone, or Mixed. Stations in the Mixed category may drudgery stations on both modes for contact credit -- i.e., once on CW, and once on phone.
Just Ahead in Radiosport
December 1-3 -- ARRL 160-Meter Contest (CW)
December 2 -- Wake-Up! QRP Sprint (CW)
December 2-3 -- TOPS Activity Contest (CW)
December 2-3 -- EPC Ukraine DX Contest (Digital)
December 3 -- Ten-Meter RTTY Contest
December 3 -- SARL Digital Contest
December 5 -- ARS Spartan Sprint (CW)
December 7 -- 1.8 QRP ARCI Topband Sprint (CW)
December 7 -- NRAU 10-Meter Activity Contest (CW, phone, digital)
See the ARRL Contest Calendar for more information. For in-depth reporting on dilettante Radio contesting, subscribe to The ARRL Contest Update via your ARRL member profile e-mail preferences.
Upcoming ARRL Section, State, and Division Conventions
December 2 -- Arkansas DX Association's 50th Anniversary Convention, North shrimp Rock, Arkansas
December 8-9 -- West Central Florida Section Convention, Plant City, Florida
January 6 -- fresh York City-Long Island Section Convention, Brookville, fresh York
January 13 -- Georgia ARES Convention, Forsyth, Georgia
January 19-20 -- North Texas Section Convention, Forest Hill, Texas
January 20 -- GARS TECHFEST Convention, Lawrenceville, Georgia
January 21-27 -- Quartzfest Convention, Quartzsite, Arizona
January 26-27 -- Delta Division Convention, Jackson, Mississippi
Find conventions and hamfests in your area.
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The leeway looks harmless enough, with unimaginative grey shelves and stacks of cardboard boxes packed to overflowing with maps of the Middle East and sheaves of documents filled with Arabic script.
Yet the location of this repository in the centre of Europe is a closely guarded secret.
To attain the office you climb several flights of stairs in a edifice deliberately chosen to avoid the prying eyes of those desperate to raze the evidence of inexpressible horrors recorded in meticulous files housed within its bare walls.
I promised not to divulge its whereabouts, yet the office feels love any other, filled with men and women tapping away on computers and chatting over coffee.
Pictured: Mail on Sunday reporter Ian Birrell opens the Assad files, stored in a covert location as intrepid operatives smuggle evidence out of the war-torn country
I am ushered towards a locked door which is opened so I can accomplish my pass inside and open one of the thousands of brown boxes that fill the room.
The first contains military maps covered in fluorescent markings that detail troop movements, weapons instalments and a battle plan.
Beneath this are scores of documents filled with Arabic writing. Some gain official-looking government stamps. Others are pockmarked with holes from bullets.
There is a safe containing seized computers and some phones in padded bags.
Their contents present clues to the most hideous tales of death and depravity, of barbaric torture, and hospitals turned into charnel houses, often written in the banal language of bureaucrats covering their backs.
In one document, a Syrian army officer tries to dodge guilt for the death of a young man in his custody after beatings to his stomach and genitals.
A wounded baby is seen in Douma hospital after an airstrike on the rebel-held town of Mesraba
Another makes reference to a fridge that is ‘full of unidentified corpses that gain disintegrated’.
For this innocuous leeway contains 800,000 pages of potential evidence to build a case that may lead to the most significant war crimes affliction since Nuremberg, one that could match The Hague’s current International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and accomplish last week’s suicide in its dock by a former Bosnian-Croat general look love a bizarre footnote in history.
For the leeway I am standing in houses the case against Syrian president Bashar Assad and his genocidal cronies. Indeed, some of the documents I witness here are even signed by the dictator himself. Yet more papers could assist prosecutions against Islamic state leaders and are being used to back European governments vet returning jihadi recruits.
Each document, each map, each phone, each computer was sneaked out of Syria or Iraq at huge personal risk. At least one intrepid smuggler has been killed and others gain been locked up as they sought to back expose murderous activities and systemic ill-treat by the chief perpetrators of Syria’s civil war.
This treasure trove was stashed away in homes and warehouses, sometimes even buried in fields, then ferried out in boxes, suitcases and lorries.
The point is simple: to build a case to prove guilt for state atrocities. Yet there is a remarkable twist – this is the first such war crimes probe rush by a private, non-profit body.
Brave operatives who smuggle the documents out: Abandoned papers and documents in Syria gain been taken to a covert location
Although it is bankrolled by democratic governments – including their own – and has sometimes used diplomatic cover to transport documents, it has no official international mandate.
‘The symbolism is important,’ said Bill Wiley, the veteran war crimes investigator heading the bold project. ‘We want to prove there is not impunity for anyone. Assad is the worst criminal in the region and he should not subsist above the law.’
Last month former Bosnian-Serb commander Ratko Mladic – the ‘Butcher of Bosnia – was sentenced to life imprisonment. He was convicted of crimes against humanity more than two decades after orchestrating the Srebrenica massacre.
This marked the conclusion of the United Nations-backed International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. After 24 years of dogged work, the carcass secured 83 convictions, including major war criminals such as Slobodan Praljik, who drank poison last week in court as a judge rejected his appeal against a 20-year sentence.
Now attention turns to Syria as the conflict nears viable conclusion with Islamic state on the rush and Assad’s regime, backed by Iran and Russia, gaining ground. Assad’s latest atrocity – described by Amnesty International as ‘war crimes on epic scale’ – is a savage bombardment of starving civilians, many of them women and children, in Ghouta. At least 400,000 people gain been killed across Syria, half the country’s population gain been displaced, and huge numbers gain gone missing, many of them held in detention centres infamous for extreme cruelty and torture.
Among the papers stored in this edifice is an arrest document for a man in Deir ez-Zor named Mazen Alhummada. Today this gaunt 40-year-old former oil worker lives in Holland. But he is haunted by his Awful experiences after being grabbed by Assad’s security goons in March 2012 while in a cafe with two nephews.
For more than a year, Alhummada endured what can only subsist described as evil – first at a notorious air obligate base, then inside a hospital, alongside hundreds of other detainees stuffed into fetid hellholes. His nightmare included routine beatings, cigarettes stubbed out on his legs and being hung from his hands.
One courier was wounded fleeing with a case full of documents, another was killed in an waylay (file photograph)
He falsely confessed in terror to carrying a gun after having his genitals squeezed in a plumbing clamp. In hospital he was attacked by nurses, saw battered corpses stacked in a toilet with eyes gouged out, and a soldier sever the spinal cord of a prisoner.
Four relatives are noiseless missing, although he thinks he saw the carcass of one nephew among 53,000 images of corpses smuggled out by a military police photographer. His remaining family has disappeared after a recent regime storm on Deir ez-Zor. ‘The people who tortured so many Syrians are known,’ he told me. ‘My hope is these criminals will shuffle to court one day.’
Wiley, a former Canadian army officer, set up the Commission for International Justice and Accountability (CIJA) a few months after the start of the Syrian revolution in 2011 to secure justice for such victims. His experiences include war crimes probes in Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia, working in the Democratic Republic of Congo as the first investigator taken on by the International Criminal Court, and then drafting Saddam Hussein’s defence statement in Iraq.
His efforts there were always going to subsist doomed – the Iraqi despot was hanged in 2006 – but he wanted to underline the importance of a impartial trial.
‘Saddam was very polite but I did not find him in touch with reality,’ said Wiley.
After being asked to back train Syrian human rights activists with British cash, Wiley made a counter-proposal: why not discipline a specialist team to scoop up data for war crime cases? The exotic Office backed him with £800,000.
Since then his group, subsequently supported by the EU and several Western nations, has had courageous people pursuing the paper trail of war crimes behind shifting battle lines in Syria and later in Iraq.
It is risky work. Investigators gain followed moderate rebels on attacks of military bases and buildings to grab papers.
One courier was wounded fleeing with a case full of documents, another was killed in an ambush.
A astronomical cache of documents that was hidden in a remote district was mistakenly burned by an superannuated woman as winter fuel. Many more remain stockpiled in covert stashes.
Adel, a former solicitor from southern Syria, has carried out seven major smuggling missions, including one tense operation to remove 260 lb of documents from under the noses of IS in Deir ez-Zor.
Pretending he was helping a family shuffle home, he obtained a 48-hour pass to transport household possessions in a lorry. Then he collected papers from three hiding places before driving to the margin through scores of checkpoints.
‘You are always stunned but I effect this for my country,’ he said. ‘Without justice there can subsist no peace and security again in the future.’
These papers shape the basis for a painstaking task: to compile a case proving the slaughter and torture follows orders from the top. ‘It’s love investigating organised crime,’ said Wiley. ‘We gain to interrogate if Assad and his senior commanders are figureheads or actively controlling what people effect and setting out terms of engagement. This is the key, just as it was at Nuremberg.
‘We identify the state structures. Then they link these structures to the criminality, working out who really has the control on it. You only identify suspects at the end.’
So an April 2011 missive signed by Assad as ‘commander-in-chief’ proves the dictator has ‘effective control’, even if only promising extra allowances for security forces ‘on state of alert’.
Even a near-comical pre-war note from Syria’s National Security Bureau is crucial, despite simply urging ‘enthusiastic comrades’ to avoid slogans and banners ‘with phrases that exceed the common gregarious praise’ for Assad since they attract dissent.
Key documents include one from August 2011 in which the Central pass Management Cell – set up by Assad after the uprising – outlines its plan to crush demonstrations sweeping the country.
The note shows the group, whose minutes were approved personally by Assad, demanding ‘daily’ raids against those organising, financing and publicising the protests, even people speaking to exotic media and international bodies.
Insiders gain confirmed such minutes would subsist taken to Assad, annotated by the Syrian president, then returned to the pass committee for instant implementation.
The result was a reign of terror that inflamed conflict and fuelled advocate for extremists, with some of the worst abuses taking place, incredibly, in hospitals that became killing hubs as exposed by defectors and human rights groups. One month later the public attorney in Deir ez-Zor sent notes complaining that he was being hounded daily by families of arrested ‘sons, fathers and brothers’ while ‘the hospital refrigerator is full of unidentified corpses that gain disintegrated’.
A chilling chain of letters from Idlib in June 2012 exposes how a military judge signed off the death of a man from ‘sudden heart attack’ – a euphemism used often with murdered detainees.
But the next day a military police officer pointed out the man died due to being beaten at a checkpoint. Doctors confirmed the actual occasions of death: ‘nervous system failure due to pain caused by bruises totality over the carcass – more specifically, the testicles and the stomach’.
Nemer, a Syrian surgeon who fled after witnessing the sickening torture inside hospital and being forced to write wrong death certificates, told me he was noiseless traumatised by what he had seen.
‘We were used by intelligence to bury evidence of torture,’ he said. ‘Every day I prodigy on the import of justice. These people were experts at manipulating evidence.’
Nemer’s father was among those killed by security forces after a savage beating despite suffering from cancer. ‘It is my dream to observe these people in court. totality that can give us peace is to observe Assad and the people supervising torture in jail.’
Human rights experts told me they were impressed by CIJA’s efforts in such tough conditions. ‘They gain gathered high-quality material,’ said solicitor and author Philippe Sands, who recently met the team and saw some of their work.
‘This is significant not only for any legal proceedings but besides for viable efforts at seeking verisimilitude and reconciliation in the longer term.’
Three months ago the United Nations backed British moves to investigate IS for war crimes and genocide. Thousands of jihadis are being held in Iraq while CIJA is providing evidence to back Western governments vet returning exotic fighters.
Wiley hopes some of the fanatics will shuffle on affliction in Europe next year for war crimes. I saw one impressive 458-page report investigating IS atrocities in Sinjar, Iraq, in August 2014, when they killed many Yazidi men and kidnapped thousands of woman as sex slaves.
But what hope of justice for Assad as he tightens the noose on his country, aided by a Russian president protecting him from UN investigations into exhaust of chemical weapons and insisting the Syrian hardman stays in power in any peace settlement?
‘Assad is the biggest criminal in the region and could become a political liability, as they gain seen in other similar situations,’ said Wiley.
‘I don’t know if it will occupy two years, five years or ten years but I effect believe that one day he will countenance justice.’
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Autodesk [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Avaya [101 Certification Exam(s) ]
AXELOS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Axis [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Banking [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
BEA [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
BICSI [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
BlackBerry [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
BlueCoat [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Brocade [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Business-Objects [11 Certification Exam(s) ]
Business-Tests [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
CA-Technologies [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
Certification-Board [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Certiport [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
CheckPoint [43 Certification Exam(s) ]
CIDQ [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CIPS [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Cisco [318 Certification Exam(s) ]
Citrix [48 Certification Exam(s) ]
CIW [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
Cloudera [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Cognos [19 Certification Exam(s) ]
College-Board [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
CompTIA [76 Certification Exam(s) ]
ComputerAssociates [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Consultant [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Counselor [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
CPP-Institue [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
CPP-Institute [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
CSP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CWNA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CWNP [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
CyberArk [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Dassault [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
DELL [11 Certification Exam(s) ]
DMI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
DRI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ECCouncil [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
ECDL [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
EMC [129 Certification Exam(s) ]
Enterasys [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
Ericsson [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
ESPA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Esri [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
ExamExpress [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Exin [40 Certification Exam(s) ]
ExtremeNetworks [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
F5-Networks [20 Certification Exam(s) ]
FCTC [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Filemaker [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Financial [36 Certification Exam(s) ]
Food [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Fortinet [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
Foundry [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
FSMTB [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Fujitsu [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
GAQM [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Genesys [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
GIAC [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Google [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
GuidanceSoftware [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
H3C [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
HDI [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Healthcare [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
HIPAA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hitachi [30 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hortonworks [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hospitality [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
HP [752 Certification Exam(s) ]
HR [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
HRCI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Huawei [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hyperion [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
IAAP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IAHCSMM [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IBM [1533 Certification Exam(s) ]
IBQH [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ICAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ICDL [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
IEEE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IELTS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IFPUG [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
IIBA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
IISFA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Intel [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
IQN [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IRS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISACA [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISC2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISEB [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
Isilon [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISM [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
iSQI [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
ITEC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Juniper [65 Certification Exam(s) ]
LEED [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Legato [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Liferay [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Logical-Operations [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Lotus [66 Certification Exam(s) ]
LPI [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
LSI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Magento [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Maintenance [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
McAfee [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
McData [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Medical [69 Certification Exam(s) ]
Microsoft [375 Certification Exam(s) ]
Mile2 [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Military [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Misc [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Motorola [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
mySQL [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
NBSTSA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCEES [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCIDQ [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCLEX [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Network-General [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
NetworkAppliance [39 Certification Exam(s) ]
NI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NIELIT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Nokia [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Nortel [130 Certification Exam(s) ]
Novell [37 Certification Exam(s) ]
OMG [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Oracle [282 Certification Exam(s) ]
P&C [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Palo-Alto [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
PARCC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PayPal [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Pegasystems [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
PEOPLECERT [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
PMI [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Polycom [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
PostgreSQL-CE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Prince2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
PRMIA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PsychCorp [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PTCB [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
QAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
QlikView [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Quality-Assurance [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
RACC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Real-Estate [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
RedHat [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
RES [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Riverbed [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
RSA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sair [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
Salesforce [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
SANS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SAP [98 Certification Exam(s) ]
SASInstitute [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
SAT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SCO [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
SCP [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
SDI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
See-Beyond [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Siemens [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Snia [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
SOA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Social-Work-Board [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
SpringSource [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUN [63 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUSE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sybase [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
Symantec [135 Certification Exam(s) ]
Teacher-Certification [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
The-Open-Group [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
TIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Tibco [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trainers [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trend [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
TruSecure [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
USMLE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
VCE [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veeam [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veritas [33 Certification Exam(s) ]
Vmware [58 Certification Exam(s) ]
Wonderlic [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Worldatwork [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
XML-Master [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Zend [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
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