250-352 exam Dumps Source : Administration of Veritas Storage(R) Foundation and towering Availability Solutions 6.0 for(R) Windows
Test Code : 250-352
Test cognomen : Administration of Veritas Storage(R) Foundation and towering Availability Solutions 6.0 for(R) Windows
Vendor cognomen : Symantec
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with the aid of Liana B. Baker
(Reuters) - software security and storage provider Symantec is relocating ahead with its plans to gash up into two publicly traded corporations with the aid of January, a stream that it views as greater tax-effective than a sale of one of its devices, properly executives referred to this week.
"it's the plan, to spin it," Chief govt Michael Brown pointed out in an interview. "For shareholders, it's tax free, which is a huge skills for them."
Reuters pronounced ultimate week that Symantec had been exploring a sale of its Veritas tips administration and storage unit or of the total company. however interest from competencies buyers has been restrained because of a tax tribulation linked to splitting the enterprise.
The enterprise is planning to start buying and selling as two businesses by means of Jan four, 2016.
Symantec will part its enterprise focused on corporate and customer security software, which had $4.2 billion in revenue closing year, from Veritas, which is smaller, with about $2.5 billion in salary. It first announced the tax-free spinoff remaining October.
The Reuters record talked about Symantec had been searching into a sale of Veritas for several months and had approached NetApp Inc, EMC Corp and a number of inner most equity corporations to gauge their hobby.
Shareholders were pushing for a break-up with Veritas, which Symantec obtained in 2004 for $13.5 billion, for a long time, Chief fiscal Officer Thomas Siefert spoke of.
"It didn't shock them, it became a 'finally' category of remark," he stated, regarding shareholders' reaction to the spinoff.
Brown, who took over as Symantec CEO in 2014 after joining the enterprise as a Veritas board member in 2004, will remain in his position. Veritas will later search internally and externally for a brand modern CEO.
Symantec on Friday published its monetary objectives for both companies for the first time.
In fiscal year 2016, which began April four, Symantec stated salary should live flat to up 2 p.c with EPS extend between $1.eighty and $1.90 per share. Veritas' adjusted profits will live up 4 to 7 p.c.
The traffic is focused on 2016 cash stream for the mixed businesses in the orbit of $1.4 billion to $1.5 billion. For 2017, it's aiming for money movement at Veritas to live between $750 million and $820 million, and between $1.08 billion and $1.44 billion at Symantec.
(Reporting via Liana B. Baker; modifying through Christian Plumb)
more than a yr after the resolution to gash up turned into revealed, and after a prolong and a cost adjustment, Symantec has formally closed on its separation from storage traffic Veritas, headed into the weekend as a totally concentrated safety company.
The sale of Veritas to deepest fairness company The Carlyle group officially accomplished at Friday's inventory market shut, inserting $5.3 billion in after-tax proceeds in the security company's pockets.
partners cheered the information that the gash up system became officially in the back of Symantec. whereas the information wasn't a shock, with the sale time limit wide-spread neatly in boost and both divisions already working independently, partners stated the professional closing potential Symantec can now dedicate total of its consideration to riding its strategic imaginative and prescient for safety.
[Related: 10 Things To hope From Symantec In Coming Months]
"Symantec has total these eyes on them for this huge gash up. … I believe getting this executed lets them proceed lower back to being strategic," illustrious Steve Barone, CEO at CBI, a Ferndale, Mich.-based mostly Symantec companion.
Wade Wyant, president and founder of august Rapids, Mich.-based ITS companions, stated he "could not live happier" with the enterprise's determination to split and appears ahead to Symantec executing on its security strategy now that the wreck up is finished.
"This split has been dazzling," Wyant talked about. "it's basically allowed them to focus and we're chuffed about it."
The process of splitting Symantec in two began back in October 2014, when the Mountain View, Calif.-primarily based enterprise first revealed its expostulate to split from its storage business, Veritas. This previous August, the company observed, as a substitute of without hardship splitting the enterprise, it will live selling Veritas to The Carlyle neighborhood for $eight billion. the two groups began working independently in October 2015.
due to the fact then, the company pushed returned the anticipated proximate date of the acquisition from Jan. 1 to Jan. 29, and diminished its sale price from $8 billion to $7.4 billion.
John Thompson, Symantec global vp of accomplice and channel earnings, talked about the split finalization is a "massive deal" for the vendor and clears a route for it to focus on its Unified security method. He talked about Symantec employees did most of their celebrating of the operational gash up in October, however that "there remains singing and dancing in the hallways nowadays."
"today marks a modern first light for Symantec and its companions," Thompson said. "Symantec has accomplished the sale of Veritas and now they are solely concentrated on cybersecurity. I contemplate it truly is going to live decent for companions and first rate for Symantec."
Now that the gash up is complete, partners spoke of, they want to remark Symantec ramp up its know-how investments. it's a shove the supplier has already begun, rolling out basically a dozen modern safety products in synchronous months. ITS partners’ Wyant stated he would want to remark Symantec investing in both R&D and acquisitions because it grows its expertise portfolio.
"The channel is just expecting even more super products," Wyant noted. "Symantec has a very genuine company, they hold got loads of incredible clients. … in the event that they extend their product set and proceed to innovate, then they can total live a success and the client can score lots of value."
that's precisely what companions can expect, Thompson observed, with planned investments in technology, each organically and thru acquisition. He mentioned partners can also foretell further investments within the channel, in particular round safety-concentrated partners, the SecureOne companion application, companion hold interaction routine, working towards and enablement, and ally Enablement resource Kits. Having the split complete will accelerate the enterprise's momentum in total of those areas, he talked about, because it is capable of completely focal point on its security investments.
"We're alive to for turning out to live even more with partners as they flux forward," Thompson observed. "We suppose modern day announcement does designate a brand modern dawn for us and a brand modern morning time for partners."
Symantec introduced nowadays that it had offered its Veritas division to The Carlyle neighborhood, a Washington, DC-based mostly deepest equity solid for $8 billion in money.
The flux comes after Symantec, mainly referred to as a computer security enterprise, introduced it became splitting into two part publicly traded agencies ultimate fall. the first became going to live Symantec, which as you may are expecting concentrated on security and the 2nd become Veritas, which concentrated on assistance management. It become named for a storage vendor that merged with Symantec lower back in 2005.
The gash up was under no circumstances formally achieved, nevertheless it seems as although the traffic got a nice return, which could allow them to focal point on their core security traffic relocating ahead. In selected it’s shifting to the cloud and the recurring subscription revenue total and sundry craves.
“The sale enables Symantec to double down on their core with the aid of buying them time to contend with the cloud income conversion,” R Ray Wang, founder at Constellation research informed TechCrunch.
but converting on-premises consumers to subscriptions takes labor and the $eight billion gives the traffic time to retool its revenue and advertising and stir to a cloud model, Wang explained.
As for Veritas, it becomes piece of the Carlyle community, which saw an organization with loads of potential, that turned into being stifled internal of Symantec. It on no account in reality had a sense of how to assume competencies of an guidance administration asset fancy Veritas, which explains why it become spinning it out as a part business.
interestingly, before the closing gash up took place, Symantec saw a far better chance for its investors and determined to stir forward with the sale.
As for Carlyle, it saw a corporation with first rate bones, a pacesetter that turned into at or near the redress of many product classes and perhaps extra importantly, a loyal and satisfied consumer groundwork with a distinguished set of items geared towards growing to live markets fancy large facts and the information storage that is a component of that.
Carlyle says its committed to helping Veritas to finally develop into a a hit independent business. “we're absolutely at the back of transforming into this company and transforming into an organization that they hope to assume public in the future,” Patrick McCarter, a Carlyle managing director referred to.
Carlyle had been in talks for a few months with Symantec earlier than it pulled the trigger on the purchase. The traffic has a long tradition of investing in what it calls the “expertise, media and telecommunications” house with a lifetime funding of $18 billion of fairness invested in 243 portfolio companies.
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SC: Spirent is a global leader in communications test and measurement with 20 locations in 15 countries worldwide. They enable their customers’ success in progress and deployment of communications networks, services and applications. Their broad solutions portfolio addresses data centers, cloud computing, virtualized environments, security, towering speed Ethernet networks and services, and infrastructure test optimization.How would you categorize Spirent’s IT philosophy as it relates to customer service and your utilize of innovative technologies as a competitive advantage?
SC: The Spirent IT department is continuously looking for ways to ameliorate efficiency and maintain the highest property of service to customers. For example, they recognized that touching their operations to the Amazon cloud would provide a variety of benefits. They saw an chance to gain significant flexibility, scalability, and efficiency by touching to the Amazon EC2 cloud. This stir would let us grow quickly and to apply additional IT resources as their needs change.Once you decided to stir the cloud, what were your top priorities? What kept you awake at night?
SC: For the stir to Amazon EC2 to live successful, their IT staff needed to provide towering availability for their Siebel Gateway Server and File Server application environments. They could not stir considerable applications to the cloud until they were confident that they would not live putting them at risk for downtime or data loss. The traditional shared storage clusters that they would hold used in a physical environment require shared storage – which is not available in EC2. They needed an affordable, easy-to-deploy solution that would uphold autochthonous Microsoft Windows Server Failover Clustering (WSFC).With these objectives in mind, what choices did you make?
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SC: They were able to configure the clusters just as they would in a WSFC environment so they did not necessity specialized skills or a SAN administrator. The SIOS software enabled us to implement their stir to the AWS cloud efficiently. The SIOS software provided the protection they needed to stir their considerable applications to the Amazon EC2 cloud. Since their cluster deployment, they hold not experienced any downtime or data loss in the Siebel or File Server environments. They hold also institute the SIOS SANLess clusters construct failover/failback testing hasty and easy. They are very pleased with the SIOS software and the protection their SIOS SANLess clusters provide for both their Siebel Gateway Server and File Server application environments in the Amazon EC2 cloud.Who is SIOS Technology and finish their solutions labor just in virtualized environments? What if I hold a hybrid infrastructure?
SC: SIOS delivers software solutions that provide application availability and disaster. SIOS SAN and SANLess clustering software provides the flexibility to build clusters your artery to protect your selection of Windows or Linux environment – and any configuration (or combination) of physical, virtual and cloud (public, private, and hybrid) storage – without sacrificing performance or availability. SIOS’ SANLess clustering solution eliminates both the cost and the single-point-of-failure risk of traditional shared-SAN storage.
Seasonal breeding is defined as the occurrence of births within clearly delimited periods (Van Schaik, Van Noordwijk & Nunn, 1999). It is the norm in a variety of primates animate at both tropical and temperate latitudes (Di Bitetti & Janson, 2000). While documentation of patterns of reproductive seasonality and its regulation in primates hold increased steadily over the past few decades, how the set of factors, such as food availability, day length and temperature, influences the timing of reproductive events in both captive and wild groups are soundless crucial for those endangered species.
Seasonal food availability has been cited as one of the principle factors determining seasonal breeding in primates (Di Bitetti & Janson, 2000; Brockman & Van Schaik, 2005). Given that late gestation and early lactation represent the most energetically demanding periods for reproductively lively females, some primate species animate in seasonally predictable environments are reported to coincide the birth season and periods of intensive nursing with increased availability or seasonal peaks in towering energy-high protein foods (McCabe, Fernánd & Ehardt, 2013). This pattern of reproductive timing has been documented in some strepsirrhines (Richard et al., 2002), modern world monkeys (Lewis & Kappeler, 2005b; Lewis & Kappeler, 2005a), and frail world monkeys (Van Schaik, Van Noordwijk & Nunn, 1999). For example, Hanuman langurs (Semnopithecus entellus) give birth from January until June, and conceptions are confined to the months of July to November, coinciding with the term of highest food availability (Koenig et al., 1997). However, given that relative to cadaver mass primates are generally characterized by an elongated term of gestation (5–9 months) and an extended term of lactation (three months to five years), female’s hold evolved a orbit of alternative behavioral, social, and nutritional strategies designed to enhance reproductive success (Brockman & Van Schaik, 2005). Primate species such as long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) (Van Schaik & Van Noordwijk, 1985) and distinguished apes (Knott, 2005), might time conception to coincide with periods of towering food availability in order to store reserves that can live drawn on later during pregnancy. Other models hold been proposed to warrant variation in the timing of reproductive events across primate species. For example, females acting as income breeders utilize energy obtained throughout the reproductive term to uphold their developing offspring (Brockman & Van Schaik, 2005). In contrast, females acting as capital breeders are expected to time conception to periods of towering food availability and utilize these accumulated resources during periods when the energetic costs of reproduction are towering and food is less available (McCabe, Fernánd & Ehardt, 2013). For example, even in the captive condition, female Japanese Macaques (Macaca fuscata) soundless accumulate energy reserves and gain weight in plunge to prepare for mating activity, and to survive the ascetic conditions of winter, which is the term of gestation if pregnancy occurs (Garcia, Huffman & Shimizu, 2010; Garcia et al., 2011).
Other factors, such as the natural light cycle (photoperiod), which usually is determined by the latitude and controls melatonin release and modulates circadian and circannual pacemakers (Wehr, 2001; Dardene, 2012), also can operate as a primarily proximate factor influencing the timing of reproduction (Ziegler et al., 2000; Bradshaw & Holzapfel, 2007). Some research on the effects of photoperiod in primates has focused on rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) (Wilson & Gordon, 1989), squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) (Schiml et al., 1999) and tamarins (Mcgrew & Webster, 1995), tufted capuchins (Perret, 1997), and multiple species of lemurs (Carosi, Linn & Visalberghi, 2005). In these species, decreasing day length stimulates the onset of reproduction (Wilson & Gordon, 1989; Schiml et al., 1999). However, results from both laboratory studies and studies of transplanted Japanese macaques (M. fuscata) finish not uphold the photoperiod hypothesis because the timing of breeding was not substantially influenced by controlled changes in exposure to different L:D cycles or when individuals were transplanted to different latitudinal zones (Nozaki, Mori & Oshima, 1990).
Evidence also suggests that temperature can influence the timing of reproduction because extremes in ambient temperature strike energy expenditure, basal metabolic rate, and the costs of thermoregulation (Dunbar, 1988). For example, Zhao & Deng (1988) institute direct evidence that female Tibetan macaques (M. thibetana) were characterized by an earlier birth season at higher elevations (colder temperature) than at lower elevations. Similarly, based on a comparison of climatic and reproductive data among 23 provisioned groups of Japanese macaques, Cozzolino et al. (1992) institute that the live of value conception date was negatively related to the magnitude of the lessen in the live of value temperature from summer to fall. Given that many primate species live in tropical habitats (Janson & Verdolin, 2005) in which monthly live of value temperature varies only by a few degrees throughout the year and seasonal patterns of rainfall are a tenacious predictor of food availability (Van Schaik & Pfannes, 2005), temperature as an environmental determinant of reproductive seasonality in primates has not been fully explored (Rutherford, 1980). For primates that inhabit temperate ecosystems, changes in temperature extremes across seasons of the year are likely to hold a greater upshot on reproduction than food availability if the temperate species are capital breeders.
An effectual methodological approach to identify factors affecting the timing of reproduction is to compare patterns of breeding seasonality between wild and captive groups of the same species. For example, if seasonal fluctuations in food availability is a primarily factor that determined seasonal breeding in the natural habitat, then animals in captivity would live expected to parade a more uniform or non-seasonal breeding pattern compared to conspecifics in the wild. Furthermore, the availability of captive groups animate at different latitudes and under easily monitored temperature regimes, provides a natural experiment to examine the influence of day length (latitude) and temperature variation on reproductive seasonality in primates. As of yet, the limited data available, for shortage of data from both captive and wild groups, finish not allow to draw conclusions regarding the primarily factor influencing breeding activities of a colobine species, the foregut-fermenting primates for which the main source of nutrition is leaves.
In this paper, they analyze and compare the reproductive patterns of adult females in 13 captive groups and two free ranging but provisioned groups of R. roxellana. R. roxellana are a species of endangered leaf-eating (colobine) primate endemic to China that inhabits towering altitude mountainous temperate broadleaf and coniferous forests (Zhang et al., 1992). Zhang, Liang & Wang (2000) reported on the mating and birth seasonality of one captive population and suggested that births peak during the spring, a time of the year when the availability of protein-rich modern leaves was assumed to live at its highest. Similarly, Qi, Li & Ji (2008) hypothesized that the pattern of birth seasonality in R. roxellana represented an adaptive response to the seasonality of mountain climate and food resources. Here, through using a long-term and more comprehensive data set, they test a sequence of hypotheses designed to examine the role of food availability, photoperiod, and temperature in influencing patterns of seasonal breeding and birth seasonality in R. roxellana: (1) If food abundance is a primary factor in determining the likelihood of conception, captive animals given nutritionally adequate diets should fail to exhibit seasonal variation in breeding; they thus foretell a significant inequity in breeding patterns between free ranging and captive groups at similar latitude; (2) If mating and fertility are tied to photoperiod, then they hope that females will conceive and give birth later in the year in groups animate at more northern latitude under the same food conditions; and (3) If the magnitude of temperature variations between the coldest and the hottest month has upshot the reproductive fertility in females, then they hope a later conception or birth data when there is a larger temperature variation.Methods Ethics statement
Prior to conducting this study, approval was gained from the Shennongjia National Nature Reserve (snnr-081201), the Zhouzhi National Nature Reserve (znnr-050621), and the Institutional Animal supervision and utilize Committee of Central South University of Forestry & Technology (csuft-090120). Data collected were purely observational in nature and were collected with minimal disturbance to the animals (although the animals were provisioned by reserve staff).Species
R. roxellana is distributed from 28°58′–33°50′N to 103°05′–110°03′E and at elevations of between 1,000 and 4,100 m above sea flat in the Qionglai, Minshan, Qinling, and Daba Mountains of Central China (Zhang, Liang & Wang, 2000; Kirkpatrick & Grueter, 2010). The species is highly folivorous and its annual diet is composed principally of leaves and fruits. During the winter, when fruits and leaves are unavailable, R. roxellana consume a diet consisting of lichen, pine seeds, oak seeds, and bark (Kirkpatrick & Grueter, 2010; Li, 2006; Guo, Li & Watanabe, 2007). Females usually give birth once every two years provided the previous offspring survived to the age of weaning. If a female’s offspring died before 5–6 months of age, a female will give birth the following year (Qi, Li & Ji, 2008). Mating deportment was seasonal with mating peaks in September, October and November (Li & Zhao, 2007), although copulations hold often been observed during other months of the year (Xiang et al., 2014).Birth events in the natural environment
We observed one free ranging but provisioned group of R. roxellana at Dalongtan (coordinates: 31°29′N, 110°18′E; elevation: 2,200 m asl) in Shennongjia Nature Reserve, central China. This belt is a highly seasonal temperate forest. The monkeys were fed two to three times a day at different sites with lichen, pine seeds, apples, carrots, oranges, and peaches. They conducted daily observations at distances between 3 and 50 m from 0800 to 1600 in winter and spring or 0700 to 1900 in summer and autumn so long as weather permitted (Xiang et al., 2014). Seventy birth events hold been accurately recorded between 2006 and 2014.
We observed the other free ranging group at Yuhuangmiao in Zhouzhi National Nature Reserve (33°46′N, 108°15′E; 1,500-2,890 m asl), which is located on the northern slope of the Qinling Mountains. Seasonality in temperature and food availability in this region is pronounced; the study troop is provisioned with minute amounts of food 15 days per month for 6–8 months each year (Qi, Li & Ji, 2008). Sixty-one birth events hold been identified between 2003 and 2006 (Guo, Li & Watanabe, 2007). Data on birth seasonality were collected through daily observations over the course of 4–6 months during the birth season in a partially provisioned group (Qi, Li & Ji, 2008).Birth events in the captive environment
Birth data for captive groups were provided by the Chinese Association of Zoological Gardens. The species hold been maintained in more than 30 zoos and wildlife parks from Harerbin (45°45′N) in the north, to Guangzhou (23°00′) in the south of China. Almost total individuals were captured from the Qinling mountains. Animals of both sexes are kept in an outdoor enclosure during the day throughout the year but given access to an enclosed latitude at night. Although the night latitude for groups housed in northern China is usually equipped with a heating unit, they presuppose heating has no influence on the resumption of breeding because the heaters were not operational before mid-November. In the wildlife park, the monkeys are kept in a large enclosed area. Although captive groups hold been maintained in China since 1956, and >500 births hold been recorded for the total captive population, in the current study they only used birth records from 1972 because few of the birth events prior to 1972 included the exact date the infant was born. They also discarded data from sites with less than 12 birth records. A total of 407 records from 13 colonies were used in their analyses (Table 1). Data from different captive colonies within the same city, such as the Beijing Zoo and Beijing Breeding center of Endangered Animals, and the Shanghai Zoo and Shanghai Wildlife Park, were pooled because a Watson’s U2 test showed the data were not significantly different (Batschelet, 1981).Table 1:
Golden snub-nosed monkeys groups, the number of snub-nosed monkey-years, and the number of births that were included in the birth and conception analyses.Site Latitude Longitude Years represented No. of years Birth recorder Data resource Free ranging groups Shennongjia 31°29′ 110°18′ 2006–2013 9 70 This study Qingling 33°46′ 108°15′ 2003–2006 4 61 This study Captive groups Guangzhou 23°00′ 113°18′ 1998–2011 14 12 CAZGa Hangzhou 30°12′ 120°08′ 1997–2012 16 19 CAZG Chengdu 30°42′ 104°06′ 1998–2012 15 18 CAZG Tonglin 30°59′ 118°02′ 2000–2012 13 65 CAZG Shanghaib 31°11′ 121°32′ 1979–2012 34 77 CAZG Louguantai 34°03′ 108°19′ 1997–2010 14 19 CAZG Xi’an 34°15′ 108°59′ 1981–2000 20 18 CAZG Lanzhou 36°02′ 103°49′ 1984–2011 28 21 CAZG Jinan 36°42′ 116°59′ 1994–2010 17 17 CAZG Xixiakou 37°24′ 122°37′ 2004–2012 9 18 CAZG Gansu ERC 37°52′ 102°52′ 1996–2010 15 13 CAZG Beijingc 39°56′ 116°20′ 1972–2012 41 93 CAZG Haerbing 45°45′ 126°36′ 1995–2000 6 17 CAZG Total 538 Conception events
As there are no accurate records of the precise gestation length for wild individuals, conception dates were calculated by deducting 202 days from birth dates; 202 days (sd = 1.1 days, n = 5) is the equitable gestation of captive individuals (Yan et al., 2003; Qi et al., 1995).Food availability in the natural environment
For the Shennongjia group, the availability of young/mature leaves, flowers, and fruits/seeds follows a distinctly seasonal pattern; adolescent leaves appeared from April to August, ripen leaves from May to September, flowers from May to June, and fruits/seeds from July to October; lichens and buds were almost year-round available with lively buds from April to August and dormant buds from September to next March (Qi, Li & Ji, 2008). A similar pattern of food availability was institute for the Qinling group (Guo, Li & Watanabe, 2007). Given that captive groups are generally fed the same diet throughout the year, with only slight variation based on seasonal availability of fruits in local stores, they assumed that R. roxellana housed in different zoos and wildlife parks were fed a nutritionally adequate die and much less seasonal compared with the ones in the natural environment. This is supported by the fact that there were no inequity in female’s reproductive parameters, such as inter-birth interval (t41,289 = 0.621, p < 0.05) and age at first reproduction (t8,73 = − 1.53, p > 0.05) between free ranging and captive groups (See Supplemental Information).Photoperiod
As the photoperiod was usually determined by the latitude, therefore the latitude was used as substitution for photoperiod in the data analysis.Temperature
There are many meteorological stations maintained by the National Meteorological Bureau of China. They used the temperature data provided by the nearest National Meteorological Bureau of China station to the zoos or wildlife parks for the study (Table 2). The following temperature data were included in this analysis: live of value annual temperature, live of value highest temperature, highest monthly temperature, the temperature variation between the lowest and highest monthly equitable temperature, and the largest variation in daily live of value temperature during one and two months (absolute value of temperature lessen in one and two months) immediately following the month with the highest live of value monthly temperature. They decided to examine variation in temperature in one and two months following the highest monthly temperatures because conceptions in R. roxellana occur in early fall, approximately two months after the highest temperatures of the summer. They decided to examine the temperature variation between the lowest and highest monthly equitable temperature because they want to test if energetic stress has affected the reproduction, as extreme temperature will live upshot the expenditure of energy of an animal.Table 2:
Mean annual and monthly temperatures (°C) at two sphere sites and 13 Zoos and wildlife parks.Site Annual Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Guanzhou 22.1 13.6 14.6 17.9 22.1 25.5 27.6 28.6 28.4 27.2 24.2 19.6 15.3 Hangzhou 16.5 4.3 5.7 9.6 15.8 20.7 24.4 28.4 27.9 23.4 18.3 12.4 6.8 Chengdu 16.1 5.6 7.5 11.5 16.7 21 23.7 25.2 25 21.2 17 12.1 7.2 Tonglin 16.7 4 5.8 10 16.6 21.8 25.3 28.7 28.4 23.7 18.3 12.1 6.4 Shanghai 16.1 4.2 5.3 8.8 14.6 19.6 23.8 27.9 27.7 23.7 18.7 12.7 6.6 Shennongjia 7.1 −3.5 −2.1 2.3 8.8 12.3 15.4 17.1 16.3 12.5 8.6 1.5 −1.8 Qingling 10.7 0.2 1.9 6.1 12.2 15.9 19.1 21.2 21 16.1 10.8 6.2 1.7 Louguantai 11.6 0.7 2.5 6.6 12.8 16.5 19.7 21.8 21.5 16.6 11.7 6.7 2.2 Xi’an 13.9 −0.1 2.9 8.1 14.8 19.8 24.8 26.6 25.3 19.9 13.9 6.9 1.3 Lanzhou 9.8 −5.3 −1 5.4 12.2 17 20.4 22.4 21.2 16.3 9.8 2.5 −3.9 Jinan 14.7 −0.4 2.2 8.2 16.2 21.8 26.4 27.5 26.3 22 16.1 8.3 1.8 Xixiakou 12.5 −2.9 −0.5 5.5 13.1 18.9 23.7 26.2 25.2 20.5 14.2 6.3 −0.3 Gansu ERC 7.9 −7.8 −4.2 2.5 10.4 15.7 19.3 21.5 20.4 14.9 7.8 0.2 −5.8 Beijing 12.3 −3.7 −0.7 5.8 14.2 19.9 24.4 26.2 24.9 20 13.1 4.6 −1.5 Haerbin 5.7 −15.1 −10.7 −2 7.9 15.3 20.6 23.1 21.6 15.4 7 −3.4 −11.8 Statistical analysis
We used circular statistics (Li & Zhao, 2007) to record and compare the degree of differences in reproductive seasonality. Daily or seasonal frequency patterns typically hold a circular distribution and these cyclic events may live represented by a rotation of 360 degrees (Li & Zhao, 2007). When describing the seasonality of births, the total length of the circular axis is the year, creating an axis divided into 365 equal sections, where each sector is 360°/365. Each day, coded using the Julian calendar, is then converted to an angle that divides the coterie into equal sections (Li & Zhao, 2007). Each reproductive event is converted to a vector with an angle, α, and a length, γ. Trigonometric functions were used to analyze total vectors (Guo, Li & Watanabe, 2007), resulting in a live of value vector angle (μ) and a live of value vector length (γ). The live of value angle can live converted back to a live of value date. The live of value vector length of γ gives an indication of how widely spaced the observations are on the axis, with values ranging from 0 to 1.0, where 0 means that total observations occurred during the same interval (Li & Zhao, 2007). Raleigh’s uniformity test was used to evaluate whether the birth and (estimated) conception date were distributed uniformly on the circular axis (Batschelet, 1981).
To analyze if food availability has influenced reproductive events when controlling for the upshot of latitude, they compared the reproductive patterns of free ranging but provisioned groups to the captive colonies. In this analysis, the Watson’s U2 test was used to determine whether the degree of variability in the timing of conceptions (estimated conception date) among females in the free ranging but provisioned group differed from females in the captive groups (Batschelet, 1981) in terms to test the probability that two samples of circular data arrive from the same population.
Spearman’s rho correlation was used to determine the relationship between live of value conception date and latitude. To control for the influence of food availability on reproductive events, they performed analyses with and without the free ranging group.
Spearman’s rho correlation also was used to analyze the relationship between the live of value date of conception and variation in daily temperature. To control for the influence of food availability on reproductive events, they also performed analyses with and without the free ranging group.
The circular statistical program Oriana verion 4 (Kovach, 2011) was used to analyze evidence of differences in reproductive seasonality and the live of value and median date of conceptions and births. Spearman’s rho correlations were analyzed using SPSS 13.0. Statistical tests were two-tailed and probability was set at 0.05.Results Reproductive seasonality of two free ranging groups
Births and extrapolated conception events of two groups of R. roxellana inhabiting in the natural environment are presented in Fig. 1. Of total birth events in the two wild groups, 97.7% took belt between March and May.Figure 1: Distribution of births and conceptions in two free ranging groups (A–B) and 13 zoos/wildlife parks (C–O) in China. (A) Shennongjia; (B) Qingling; (C) Guangzhou; (D) Hangzhou; (E) Chengdu; (F) Tonglin; (G) SHanghai; (H) Louguantai; (I) Xi’an; (J) Lanzhou; (K) Jinan; (L) Xiaxiakou; (M) Gansu ERC; (N) Beijing; (O) Haerbing.
The records of Shennongjia group embrace 70 births involving 26 adult females that occurred over a nine-year period. The frequency of birth and conception in Shennongjia differed significantly from a random distribution (Rayleigh test, p < 0.001, Table 3). Nearly half of birth events occurred in April; and together with those that occurred in March (30.0%) and May (21.4%), 98.6% births occurred in a three month term (Fig. 1) except one premature birth on January 29, 2011 and one unostentatious birth on February 26, 2010. Both the live of value birth date and median birth date were April 16. Conception occurred in August (4.3%), September (60.0%), October (31.4%) and November (4.3%) (Fig. 1). Both the live of value and median conception date was September 26.Table 3:
Birth, (estimated) conception distribution and circular statistics for the births at 15 sites (13 captive and two free-ranging) in China that had more than 12 births recorded.Birth Conception Sites Mean vector (μ) Mean group Length of live of value vector (r) Median Median group Mean vector (μ) Mean group Length of live of value vector (r) Median Median group Concen tration Circular variance Circular measure deviation Standard mistake of mean Rayleigh test (Z) Rayleigh test (p) Free-ranging groups Shennongjia 104.203 106 0.953 104.055 106 264.97 269 0.953 264.822 269 10.856 0.047 17.822 2.245 57.19 <0.001 Qingling 101.37 103 0.967 101.096 103 262.14 266 0.967 261.863 266 15.595 0.033 14.754 1.889 57.086 <0.001 Captive groups Guangzhou 97.11 99 0.814 105.041 107 257.88 262 0.814 265.808 270 2.324 0.186 36.804 12.03 7.943 <0.001 Hangzhou 97.485 99 0.901 96.164 98 258.25 262 0.901 256.932 261 5.357 0.099 26.118 5.982 15.435 <0.001 Chengdu 101.476 103 0.738 118.356 121 262.24 266 0.738 279.123 284 2.263 0.262 44.709 10.45 9.791 <0.001 Tongling 112.517 115 0.991 113.918 116 273.28 278 0.991 274.685 279 56.424 0.009 7.662 0.95 63.848 <0.001 Shanghai 111.886 114 0.864 111.945 114 272.65 277 0.864 272.712 277 3.981 0.136 30.993 3.521 57.466 <0.001 Louguangtai 106.349 108 0.943 103.068 105 267.12 271 0.943 263.836 268 8.974 0.057 19.712 4.52 16.879 <0.001 Xi’an 97.935 100 0.956 92.219 94 258.7 263 0.956 252.986 257 11.52 0.044 17.275 4.07 16.436 <0.001 Lanzhou 97.574 99 0.955 99.123 101 258.34 262 0.955 259.89 264 11.386 0.045 17.381 3.792 19.154 <0.001 Jinan 102.446 104 0.857 92.219 94 263.21 267 0.857 252.986 257 3.819 0.143 31.773 7.679 12.499 <0.001 Xixiakou 141.222 144 0.896 133.151 135 302.05 307 0.896 293.918 298 5.117 0.104 26.803 6.306 14.462 <0.001 Gansu ERC 116.927 119 0.935 105.041 107 277.69 282 0.935 265.808 270 6.196 0.065 21.069 6.604 11.356 <0.001 Beijing 113.126 115 0.778 108.986 111 273.89 278 0.778 269.753 274 2.615 0.222 40.632 4.166 56.243 <0.001 Haerbing 116.254 118 0.934 113.918 116 277.02 281 0.934 274.685 279 7.816 0.066 21.225 5.144 14.82 <0.001
The data of Qinling group embrace 61 births involving 42 adult females that occurred over a four year period. The frequency of births and conceptions differed significantly from a random distribution (Rayleigh test, p < 0.001, Table 3). Most births occurred in March (24.6%), April (63.9%) and May (9.8%), with one birth occurring in June 2005 (Fig. 1). Both the live of value birth date and median birth date were April 13. Conceptions occurred in August (3.2%), September (73.8%), October (19.8%) and November (3.2%) (Fig. 1). Both the live of value and median conception dates were September 23.Reproductive seasonality of captive groups
Births and extrapolated conception events of 151 females animate in 13 captive groups are presented in Fig. 1. Overall, the number of total births recorded was 407. The frequency of births and conceptions differed significantly from a random distribution (Rayleigh test: p < 0.001, Table 3). There was virtually no overlap in birth and conception dates.
In captivity, births occurred between February and June with 88.1% of births in March (14.8%), April (50.4%) and May (22.9%). The only exceptions involved one infant born on December 9, 1998 in the Beijing Zoo and one infant born on December 15, 2009 in Guangdong. Both infants died within a day of their birth. The live of value birth date for the captive population was April 20 and the median birth date was April 18.
In the captive groups, 83.2% of conceptions occurred in August (8.6%), September (38.3%) and October (36.3%). The live of value conception date was October 2 and the median conception date was October 1.Factors associated with birth seasonality Food availability
For the free ranging but provisioned groups, births occurred principally in the spring 2–4 months prior to the peak of food availability, while conceptions occurred in the late plunge 1–2 months after the peak of food availability (Li, 2006; Guo, Li & Watanabe, 2007). total captive groups were also institute to live strictly seasonal breeders despite the fact that the property and quantity of food provided across the year was relatively constant. There was no significant inequity in reproductive patterns between two free ranging but provisioned groups and the captive groups (Watson’s U2 test, U = 0.135, p > 0.05).Photoperiod
We institute a significant relationship between the timing of conceptions and latitude among the 15 locations of the 13 captive groups and two free ranging groups (Fig. 2, Spearman correlation test, rs = 0.669, p < 0.05). Furthermore, when they excluded the free ranging groups, there soundless was a significant relationship between the timing of reproductive events and latitude among the captive population (rs = 0.603, p < 0.05), which means that females conceive later in the year in groups animate at higher latitude under the same food conditions.Figure 2: Relationship between reproductive events (conception date) and latitude at two sphere sites and 13 zoos/wildlife parks in China. Temperature
There was, however, a positive correlation between the live of value conception date and the magnitude of temperature variations between the coldest and the hottest month in both the captive and free ranging groups (Spearman correlation, with free ranging groups: rs = 0.578, p < 0.05, Fig. 3; without free ranging groups: rs = 0.620, p < 0.05). No other associations were identified between the live of value conception date and other temperature variables such as live of value annual temperature, live of value highest temperature, highest monthly temperature, the magnitude of temperature lessen in the month following the hottest month of the year, and the magnitude of temperature lessen in the two months following the hottest month of the year.Figure 3: Relationship between the magnitude of live of value monthly temperature between the coldest and the hottest month and reproductive events (conception) among golden snub-nosed females inhabiting two sphere sites and 13 zoos/wildlife parks in China. X axis, conception date in the Julian calendar; Y axis, the magnitude of live of value monthly temperature. Discussion
Using long-term birth data, they analyzed the characteristics of reproductive patterns in captive and free ranging but provisioned groups of R. roxellana. Using the definition of 66.7% of births occurring within a three month term as an indication of breeding seasonally in primates (Van Schaik, Van Noordwijk & Nunn, 1999), R. roxellana is best described as a highly seasonal breeder, with >90% of births occurring between March and May. Furthermore, using circular statistics, they analyzed the relationship between reproductive seasonality (in terms of live of value conception date distributions) and environmental factors, such as food availability, day length (latitude) and temperature. The results indicated that latitude had upshot on the timing of reproductive events. However, marked variation in monthly temperature (absolute value of temperature increase) from the coldest month (usually in January) to the peak highest temperature which occurred during the month of July, had the strongest upshot on the timing of reproductive activity in both wild and captive groups of R. roxellana inhabiting temperate latitudes.
Although several studies report variable reproductive patterns in wild primates, primate reproduction tends to live less seasonal in captive environments. For example, spider monkeys (Ateles spp.) are non-seasonal breeders in captivity, but exhibit seasonal reproduction in the wild (Chapman & Chapman, 1990). In contrast, captive brown capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella) remain seasonal breeders even when they are provisioned (Bicca-Marques & Gomes, 2005). When one group of rhesus macaques was shifted from Cayo Santiago Island, Puerto Rico to the German Primate Centre, they displayed a non-seasonal reproductive pattern, but returned to seasonal breeding after experiencing constant temperatures and day-length periods for four years (Kaumanns, Singh & Schwibbe, 2013). In the current study, they institute that R. roxellana remains a strictly seasonal breeder in both captive and free ranging environments despite animate at different latitudes, having access to differences in food availability and predictability, and exposed to different temperature regimes.
In primates, seasonal breeding is particularly common in species inhabiting higher latitudes or altitudes, where food availability exhibits pronounced seasonal variation (Di Bitetti & Janson, 2000; Brockman & Van Schaik, 2005). In their natural environment, R. roxellana mainly give birth during March through May, which is 2–4 months prior to the short term of highest food availability reported to occur at two sphere sites, Shennongjia (Li, 2006), and Qinling (Guo, Li & Watanabe, 2007), where R. roxellana hold been studied. This result is also in keeping with the birth seasonality reported in R. bieti (Cui et al., 2006; Xiang & Sayers, 2009), Cebus capucinus (Carnegie, Fedigan & Melin, 2011), Colobus badius (Struhsaker, 1975), Semnopithecus entellus (Lewis & Kappeler, 2005b), Trachypithecus pileata (Stanford, 1991), Procolobus verus (Korstjens, 2001) and Macaca assamensis (Heesen et al., 2013). However, the term of weaning in R. roxellana is adjusted to a term of towering food availability (Stanford, 1991). In March, spring buds and adolescent leaves start to flush and therefore provide towering protein foods for weaned infants/young juveniles. During the weaning, mothers also build up energy reserves over the spring and summer to score into reproductive condition reproduction and ovulate at the discontinuance of the summer and early fall; this also provide an explanation for the later birth and conception peaks at higher latitude. Therefore, they appropriate a model of a capital breeder and utilize accumulated resources for gestation. Thus, to extend their fitness, the long-lived and towering altitude resident R. roxellana adopted an optimal reproductive strategy for both infant and maternal survival by prolonging their reproductive intervals to more than two years. This strategy assume the advantage of both capital and income breeder. The same reproductive are also reported in both captive and natural population of R. bieti (Cui et al., 2006; Xiang & Sayers, 2009).
All captive groups of R. roxellana remained highly seasonal breeders even though the individuals were fed nutritionally adequate diets and experienced no seasonal changes in food availability. These results imply that variation in food availability may not live the primary factor that initiates reproduction in this primate species. R. roxellana is highly folivorous with leaves and lichens forming the major dietary constituents throughout the year, supplemented with flowers, seeds/fruits, ubiquitous buds, and bark (Li, 2006; Guo, Li & Watanabe, 2007). Food items fancy buds, leaves and lichens are less seasonal than fruits and seeds, and provide the monkeys with a affluent source of protein and structural carbohydrates (Liu et al., 2013; Clutton-Brock, Albon & Guiness, 1989) to uphold one of the most energy-demanding phases of the reproductive cycle, late pregnancy and lactation (Heesen et al., 2013). Secondly, the equitable female cadaver weight is sufficiently large, at 9.4 kg (Kirkpatrick & Grueter, 2010), to buffer against fluctuations in food availability (Wehr, 2001). Di Bitetti & Janson (2000) institute that the degree of seasonality of reproduction in modern world monkeys was related to diet, latitude, and cadaver size. They suggested that more folivorous species were less reproductive seasonality than frugivores and insectivores. Small-bodied species, which hold shorter life spans and are therefore theme to time constraints, hold to confine their reproduction to a piece of the year, while large-bodied species are buffered against variation in food availability. The diet and life history may strike the timing of births in large-bodied platyrrhines under the same seasonal ecological conditions (Strier, Mendes & Santos, 2001).
Our results did uphold the hypothesis that the timing of reproduction was regulated by seasonal changes in photoperiod as the females conceived and gave birth later in the year in groups animate at more northern latitude. However, Nozaki, Mori & Oshima’s (1990) findings on Japanese macaques in laboratory and transplanted groups did not uphold this hypothesis. This suggests that the photoperiod has different upshot on triggering seasonal breeding in R. roxellana and Japanese macaques, even though several anatomical and molecular studies imply that the neural-hormonal mechanisms associated with photoperiod does strike seasonality of reproduction in monkeys and humans (Wehr, 2001).
The noteworthy result in this study is that female R. roxellana experiencing a higher temperature variations between the coldest and the hottest month had a later live of value conception and birth date. The feasible mechanism through which temperature might influence reproductive activity is the energetic stress hypothesis, which proposes that energetic stress associated with the costs of thermoregulation can suppress or dilatory reproduction to conserve future reproductive efforts for a time when the environment is more benign (Wasser, 1996) or females may necessity longer to compass captious cadaver condition for ovulation at larger variation of temperature. Females usually conceive when they are able to extend plump stores and/or energetic stress is the least as females allocate energy to reproduction once their cadaver is in positive energy poise or has low daily maintenance costs in Japanese macaques, apes and human (Garcia, Huffman & Shimizu, 2010; Garcia et al., 2011; Roenneberg & Aschoff, 1990; Bronson, 1995; Ellison, Valeggia & Sherry, 2005).
In temperate ecosystem, energetic stress might embrace nutrient deficiencies during the time that shortage of towering property food as well as costs associated with thermoregulation. Therefore, except food availability, the other feasible mechanism that initiate breeding seasonality through energetic stress might live temperature. There are four processes that mainly determine the expenditure of energy of an animal: basal metabolic rate (BMR), lively metabolism, growth and reproduction (Carosi, Linn & Visalberghi, 2005). BMR also is partly determined by the costs of thermoregulation, i.e., when the ambient temperature drops substantially below unostentatious cadaver temperature, energy has to live expended for homeostasis. For example, Nakayama et al. (1971) reported that the energy expenditure of outdoor-living captive Japanese macaques at 5.2 °C is 2.5 times larger than that at 29.5 °C. For study groups, live of value monthly temperatures in July equitable is 25.3 °C, while in January it decreases to −0.41 °C. Although photoperiod duration, food abundance and temperature prove annual variation in the temperate forests, ambient temperature may live more directly related to the animal’s energy expenditure for the costs of thermoregulation. Considering the variation in temperature and food abundance, the higher temperature variations between the coldest and the hottest month might live of value higher energetic stress, which means that R. roxellana females may necessity more time to compass a genuine cadaver condition to initiate hormonal changes and regulate fertility. Therefore, if an animal endures a higher temperature variation of environmental temperature would result a later conception or birth.
Although many studies hold investigated the relationship between female cadaver condition and conception (Van Schaik, Van Noordwijk & Nunn, 1999; Lewis & Kappeler, 2005b; Van Schaik & Van Noordwijk, 1985; Emery Thompson & Wrangham, 2008), only a few studies (Lewis & Kappeler, 2005a; Koenig et al., 1997; Emery Thompson & Wrangham, 2008; Bercovitch, 1987) hold relied on direct evidence, such as measures of cadaver weight or adiposity. Recently, the mechanisms regulating primate reproductive energetic has been examined in wild Sanje mangabeys (Cercocebus sanjei) (McCabe & Emery Thompson, 2013) and chimpanzees(Pan troglodytes) (Emery Thompson, Muller & Wrangham, 2012) by measuring C-peptide as an indicator of energy balance. In the future, modern methodologies should live used to measure reproductive energetics, cadaver fat, C-peptide and other indicators of energy storage and energy poise in R. roxellana.
Black and white snub-nosed monkeys (R. bieti) in towering altitudes and temperate forests also hold a seasonal reproductive pattern. Conception coincides with the discontinuance of the term of highest temperatures and food availability, and births occur during periods of increasing temperatures and food availability (Xiang & Sayers, 2009; Huang et al., 2012), suggesting that at least one environmental factor (temperature and/or food availability) controls the timing of conception. By examining captive data, Xiang & Sayers (2009) speculated that temperature might live a captious factor explaining the degree of differences in birth seasonality between wild and captive groups in this species. Similar patterns of seasonal reproduction hold also been observed in Hanuman langurs, which occur throughout the Indian subcontinent and Sri Lanka (Lewis & Kappeler, 2005b), and in a group of wild rhesus macaques that reside in the harshest habitats of northern China (Tian et al., 2013). Considering that temperature and resource variation also influence the reproductive pattern of Japanese Macaques (Nozaki, Mori & Oshima, 1990) and Tibetan Macaques (Zhao & Deng, 1988), they quarrel that the reproductive energetic stress hypothesis may apply to total temperate non-human primates.
The seasonal reproduction of R. roxellana is a tangled adaptive response to its extreme towering altitude temperate habitat (1,000–4,100 m asl) characterized by low food productivity during late plunge and winter (November to March). Reproduction in the wild may live determined by multiple factors. Food abundance and nutrient availability play a crucial role; lower property and quantity of food availability in the winter as well as ambient temperatures below 0 °C may attach an energetic stress on both males and females. Food availability might hold on the breeding activity might in a different extend when considered there is different influence of food availability on reproductive patterns between free ranging group and those captive group in similar latitude. Generally speaking, in the temperate and tropical zones, the availability of foods such as fruits, leaves, and insects vary with ambient temperature although other foods such as lichens, was available year round. Their data from captive colonies provide a unique chance to distinguish the effects of temperature from variation of food availability in the timing of reproduction; however, more physiological research is required to corroborate the hypothesis that energetic stress by temperature and food availability initiate the breeding of temperate primate.Supplemental Information Dataset
All the observed birthdates for captive groups in zoos and wildlife parks; Dataset used for the Figs. 1, 2 and 3.
News facts: - Newest generation PRIMERGY systems – featuring Intel® Xeon® processor E5-2600 v3 product family – drive power and cooling economies in the data centre - Thanks to the business-centric all-around performance of PRIMERGY servers, customers benefit from lower costs over the extended lifecycle of the system - To designate 20 years of PRIMERGY, Fujitsu is looking for the longest-running PRIMERGY system in use
Fujitsu introduces a modern generation of Fujitsu Server PRIMERGY dual-socket systems designed not only to meet the traffic challenges of today but also to anticipate tomorrow’s needs. edifice on decades of innovation and experience1 in continuing to evolve its hardware, software and services for the data centre, the PRIMERGY server brand is approaching its 20th anniversary this year.
To underline PRIMERGY’s proven quality, Fujitsu has started the search for the world’s longest-running, soundless productive PRIMERGY system2 – and will back celebrate the brand’s 20th anniversary by upgrading this legacy server to a state-of-the-art PRIMERGY system for free.
With a modern Fujitsu server system being sold around the world on equitable every 27.5 seconds3, Fujitsu PRIMERGY enables businesses to achieve competitive advantage by delivering the server performance and reliability they need, while exponentially reducing data centre costs. Efficiency is, and has always been, at the heart of the company’s strategy for PRIMERGY, and the servers were already energy efficient even before the phrase became popular.
In fact, PRIMERGY server energy efficiency has improved by a factor of 28 within the final seven years, over several server generations. This is just one sample of the highest property standards to which Fujitsu builds PRIMERGY servers: every system is theme to comprehensive and rigorous testing to construct confident that it will not just meet, but exceed industry standards.
In developing the next generation of PRIMERGY servers, Fujitsu not only wanted to apply its 20 years of experience, but also once again construct business-centric improvements to the systems, based on extensive information and feedback from PRIMERGY customers. As a consequence, the modern generation of PRIMERGY systems joins a long line of world-record breakers in the areas of application performance and datacentre virtualization. modern breakthrough results hold been achieved by the two-processor PRIMERGY RX2540 M1 server on the two-tier SAP® Sales and Distribution (SD) measure application benchmark (achieving 16,000 SAP SD Benchmark users4), as well as in VMware VMmark 2.5.2, where the system achieved a result of 26.48@22 tiles5.
Uwe Neumeier, Vice President Global Server Business, Fujitsu “Over the final 20 years, Fujitsu PRIMERGY servers hold helped to shape ICT, while setting modern standards in quality, efficiency and agility. The modern PRIMERGY generation is no exception and introduces innovations that contribute to solving data center management challenges. Customers choosing PRIMERGY can live confident that they are buying a system which provides modular edifice blocks for future requirements of a business-centric data center.”
Shannon Poulin, Vice President, Data center Group, Intel “The modern Intel® Xeon® processor E5-2600 v3 product family provides PRIMERGY servers with an incredible combination of performance, built-in capabilities and cost-effectiveness. Together with Fujitsu’s many server innovations, they provide customers with highly efficient, record-performing server solutions to address the diverse workloads and rapidly evolving needs of today’s data centers.”
Shaun Walsh, Senior Vice President Marketing, Emulex “Emulex and Fujitsu hold developed a modern model for network I/O with the modular design of the Fujitsu PRIMERGY DynamicLoM architecture based on the Emulex EngineTM (XE)100 sequence Ethernet controller. This solution delivers application acceleration with RDMA over Converged Ethernet (RoCE), scales modern workloads with up to a 4x boost in minute packet performance, lowers operational cost with hardware offloads and provides the right I/O roadmap for next generation servers using the Intel Xeon processor E5-2600 v3 family.”
Pricing and availability
The modern generation of Fujitsu Server PRIMERGY systems will live available directly from Fujitsu and via distribution partners starting from the discontinuance of September 2014. modern models embrace the PRIMERGY RX2540 M1 rack server, the PRIMERGY BX2560 M1 server blade and the CX400 M1 scale-out infrastructure with CX2550 M1 and CX2570 M1 server nodes. Prices vary by region, model and configuration.
Notes to editors
Highlights of the modern generation of PRIMERGY include:
- More all-around performance to overcome data growth - Boosted application performance by up to 56 percent6 featuring the modern Intel® Xeon® processor E5-2600 v3 product family as well as DDR4 memory technology. - competence to individually adapt current server networks and flexibility to meet future requirements with modern DynamicLoM technology. - Extended Cool-safe® Advanced Thermal Design as piece of a uniform data center concept for selected PRIMERGY servers, ETERNUS storage systems and network switches which uphold ambient data center temperatures of up to 40°C, enabling customers to deliver energy and cooling costs. - Reduced costs via Fujitsu’s energy management solution that identifies energy inefficient systems of heterogeneous IT infrastructures and provides strategies and action plans to ameliorate energy efficiency. - Foundation for reliance and security to meet increased exact for IT resource availability - Optimized data centre operations that significantly reduce downtime costs and extend process property by automating contingency processes. - Reduced time required to implement modern IT projects while simultaneously improving service flat agreements, with Fujitsu’s PAN Manager offering now also supported by selected PRIMERGY RX and CX systems. - Free of charge provisioning of BIOS versions, firmware and software updates. Fujitsu continues not to charge customers to provide access to upgrades that simplify system management, therefore reducing the repercussion on IT resources. - Innovations which simplify the management, therefore freeing up IT resources - ServerView Embedded Lifecycle Management consolidates and enhances management functionalities that are directly available (‘embedded‘) within the server for simplified and highly integrated management processes. - ServerView Agentless Service separates the various networks for productive and management data for enhanced data security. - ServerView System Monitor is particularly designed for easy and low-overhead management of minute and distributed server installations.
1 20 years of Fujitsu Server PRIMERGY Systems:
The Fujitsu x86-server portfolio has been helping to shape the ICT industry for 20 years. During that time, Fujitsu has concentrated on using its technology to solve customer’ technology issues. Thanks to continuous adaptation to industry trends and a continually evolving ICT landscape, Fujitsu has developed modern approaches to cloud computing, data analytics and towering performance computing. Some milestones: - In 1994, Fujitsu developed its first x86-based industry-standard PRIMERGY servers. - In 1998, Fujitsu introduced the previously unprecedented competence for customers to scale up in x86 environments, with the introduction of the first 8-way server, the PRIMERGY N800/K800. - The first PRIMERGY blade servers in 2002, the PRIMERGY BX300 line, presented customers with modern horizons in terms of flexibility, scalability and data center economics. - In 2006, Fujitsu released the PRIMERGY BX630, the first scalable octo-socket server blade, based on an Advanced Blade Ecosystem. - Since 2008, with the introduction of PRIMERGY ServerView Virtual I/O Manager software, Fujitsu has enabled customers to dramatically reduce networking costs and simplify the management of servers in network environments while soundless enjoying the highest flexibility in tems of operation. - In 2009, Fujitsu introduced a massive scale-out computing platform delivering extreme-performance and highly energy efficient server architecture, with the introduction of the revolutionary PRIMERGY CX server line. - In 2012, Fujitsu was the first vendor to offer a ‘Cluster-in-a-box’ solution. Recently extended, this solution offers mid-sized organizations and offshoot offices the competence to protect their considerable data and business-critical services with only a minimal investment of money, administration efforts and time.
2 For terms and conditions, gratify see: http://www.fujitsu.com/20years-primergy
3 Based on Fujitsu shipments from the 2013 calendar year, calculated on the basis of 250 working days each made up of 8 hours.
4 PRIMERGY RX2540 M1 achieved 16,000 SD benchmark users on the two-tier SAP SD measure application benchmark. The server was configured with Intel Xeon processor E5-2699 v3, 2 processors / 36 cores / 72 threads, Windows Server 2012, SQL Server 2012, and the SAP enhancement package 5 for the SAP ERP 6.0 application. The SAP certification number was not available at press time. Benchmark comparisons stated above reflect results published on http://www.sap.com/solutions/benchmark/sd2tier.epx as of September 08, 2014. SAP and total SAP logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of SAP AG in Germany and in several other countries.
5 The VMmark result of 26.48@22 tiles was achieved by two Fujitsu PRIMERGY Server RX2540 M1, each with 512 GB of memory, using Intel® Xeon® E5-2699 v3 processors. complete test results including system specification, further details and current results can live institute at: http://www.vmware.com/a/vmmark/.The comparison reflects the status on? September 8, 2014. For information about VMmark and the rules regarding its usage visit: http://www.vmware.com/products/vmmark. VMware and VMmark are trademarks or registered trademarks of VMware, Inc. VMware® VMmark™ is a product of VMware, Inc.
6 Comparison based on two-tier SAP Sales and Distribution (SD) measure application benchmark: PRIMERGY RX300 S8 featuring Intel® Xeon® processor E5-2697 v2, 2 processors / 24 cores / 48 threads, achieved 10,240 benchmark users (Windows Server 2012, SQL Server 2012, SAP enhancement package 5 for SAP ERP 6.0, certification 2013024) while the PRIMERGY RX2540 M1 featuring Intel Xeon processor E5-2699 v3, 2 processors / 36 cores / 72 threads, achieved 16,000 benchmark users4.
- 20 Years of PRIMERGY: http://www.fujitsu.com/20years-primergy - Fujitsu Server PRIMERGY Systems: http://www.fujitsu.com/fts/products/computing/servers/primergy/ - Royalty-free photography of the PRIMERGY RX2540 M1:http://mediaportal.ts.fujitsu.com/?r=34130 - Royalty-free photography of the PRIMERGY CX400 M1: http://mediaportal.ts.fujitsu.com/?r=34144 - Royalty-free photography of the PRIMERGY BX2560 M1: http://mediaportal.ts.fujitsu.com/?r=34123 - Fujitsu PRIMERGY Apps for iOS and Android: http://www.fujitsu.com/fts/products/computing/servers/primergy/apps/index.html - Read the Fujitsu blog: http://blog.ts.fujitsu.com - ensue Fujitsu on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/Fujitsu_Global - ensue us on LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/company/fujitsu - Find Fujitsu on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/FujitsuICT - Fujitsu pictures and media server: http://mediaportal.ts.fujitsu.com/pages/portal.php - For regular word updates, bookmark the Fujitsu newsroom: http://ts.fujitsu.com/ps2/nr/index.aspx
Fujitsu is the leading Japanese information and communication technology (ICT) company offering a complete orbit of technology products, solutions and services. Approximately 162,000 Fujitsu people uphold customers in more than 100 countries. They utilize their flavor and the power of ICT to shape the future of society with their customers. Fujitsu Limited (TSE: 6702) reported consolidated revenues of 4.8 trillion yen (US$46 billion) for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2014. For more information, gratify remark http://www.fujitsu.com.
About Fujitsu Australia and modern Zealand
Fujitsu Australia and modern Zealand is a leading service provider of business, information technology and communications solutions. They ally with their customers to consult, design, build, operate and uphold traffic solutions. From strategic consulting to application and infrastructure solutions and services, Fujitsu Australia and modern Zealand hold earned a reputation as the solitary supplier of selection for leading corporate and government organisations. Fujitsu Australia Limited and Fujitsu modern Zealand Limited are wholly owned subsidiaries of Fujitsu Limited (TSE: 6702). remark www.fujitsu.com.au . ENDS
Collin Duff-Tytler Marketing Programs and Communications Manager Fujitsu Australia and modern Zealand Tel: +61 2 9113 9346 Mobile: +61 409 953 349 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
All other company or product names mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Information provided in this press release is accurate at time of publication and is theme to change without forward notice.
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