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050-695 Novell eDirectory Design and Implementation :eDirectory 8.8

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050-695 exam Dumps Source : Novell eDirectory Design and Implementation :eDirectory 8.8

Test Code : 050-695
Test appellation : Novell eDirectory Design and Implementation :eDirectory 8.8
Vendor appellation : Novell
braindumps : 70 actual Questions

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Novell Novell eDirectory Design and

CNA examine at e book: Novell eDirectory | killexams.com actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

David Clarke covers eDirectory testing targets for Novell route 3001: Foundations of Novell Networking.

This chapter is from the ebook 

This chapter covers right here testing pursuits for Novell direction 3001: Foundations of Novell Networking:

  • identify simple listing service tasks.

  • establish ordinary directory service uses.

  • Describe how a directory is structured.

  • identify the role and benefits of eDirectory.

  • identify how eDirectory 8.6 works.

  • identify and portray the composition of eDirectory.

  • determine and portray eDirectory object courses.

  • determine the circulate and design of the eDirectory tree.

  • NetWare 6 introduces eDirectory eight.6, the optimal edition to date of Novell's world-class listing service.

    eDirectory is the realm's leading directory carrier. It provides a unifying, move-platform infrastructure for managing, securing, accessing, and developing complete foremost components of your community. eDirectory scales to the greatest network environments, together with the internet. because it is in response to the X.500 typical, eDirectory supports light-weight listing entry Protocol (LDAP), Hypertext switch Protocol (HTTP), and the Java programming ambiance.

    eDirectory can deliver and manage millions of objects in a seamless ballet of communications. It additionally provides the groundwork community service for complete NetWare servers and community materials. really, after network communications, it is the most fundamental network provider offered by means of NetWare 6.

    With complete this in intellect, i'm bound you might agree that eDirectory administration is one among your key duties as a Novell CNA (certified network Administrator). in this chapter, you'll explore four essential training concerning eDirectory administration:

  • Introduction to directory features—you will commence with a quick introduction to the basics of listing functions, together with some criterion makes employ of and how a directory is structured.

  • understanding eDirectory 8.6—then you definitely'll learn the structure of Novell eDirectory version 8.6 and evaluate it to its predecessor, Novell directory features (NDS).

  • using eDirectory Objects—you are going to dig into the fundamentals in the back of eDirectory's three styles of objects: the Tree object, container objects, and leaf objects.

  • implementing eDirectory 8.6 Naming—eventually, you're going to study naming conventions utilized in eDirectory, including naming context guidelines and inheritance.

  • As that you may see, there's a lot to be taught during this chapter and when it be complete carried out, you're going to be an accomplished eDirectory administrator. So, let's fetch begun!

    check pursuits lined:

  • establish basic listing carrier initiatives.

  • identify ordinary listing carrier uses.

  • Describe how a directory is structured.

  • determine the role and benefits of eDirectory.

  • The directory provider is among the most primary network functions provided by passage of complete NetWare 6 servers. in fact, it represents the communications hub for administrative connectivity between complete servers in a huge NetWare 6 network. As such, listing provider administration is one of your key obligations because the community administrator.

    As its appellation implies, the listing carrier offers entry to a database, known as eDirectory, that incorporates complete substances for the entire network. This object-oriented database is organized into a hierarchical structure called the tree. eDirectory provides the basic foundation for the directory carrier, including capabilities for replication and distribution. directory is capitalized in this case to distinguish it from the listing (or folder) within the file system. in fact, these two "directories" outline the two well-known roles of a NetWare 6 CNA: File gear Administrator (directories and info) and eDirectory Administrator (The listing).

    The listing provider is your pal. it could possibly look a microscopic intimidating originally, however in the event you fetch to know the directory service (and eDirectory, for that rely), it be in reality enjoyable. really.

    How listing services Work

    A listing provider classifies complete community supplies right into a finite variety of objects. These objects can be prepared with the aid of feature, place, size, classification, or color—it would not rely. The factor is, a directory provider organizes network resources independently from their physical areas. for example, servers are equipped in accordance with function. Then users are positioned within the preempt containers to simplify connectivity. This increases productivity as a result of users are near the resources they need. When a person logs in to the community, the person can access any object within the Tree, in spite of its region. This provides a slick capacity for managing not best clients, however additionally complete their hardware and functions. Of course, in the eDirectory tree (as in existence), it is most advantageous to position user objects and their materials (Printers, Servers, and Volumes) in shut proximity to each and every different.

    A directory provider performs a pair of fundamental tasks, including right here:

  • Connecting disparate techniques—A directory service integrates and organizes heterogeneous techniques to enable them to participate criterion administration. In brand novel company world, such systems are required not handiest to discourse with each different, but additionally to participate suggestions and employ universal capabilities to meet the objectives of the firm.

  • fulfilling the needs of the person, corporation, and company—The community ought to be springy enough to give a set of wonderful features in keeping with individual wants.

  • Emulating complete company relationships—The community exigency to be capable of making inevitable that trusted relationships are constructed and maintained between people, business, the business's intranet, and the complete over the world web.

  • Coordinating assistance move—tips may too emanate both from the trade (procedural) or from the community (technical). A directory service coordinates suggestions circulation, no be counted what the source or classification of counsel.

  • making inevitable assistance availability—A directory provider gives a passage for making complete community suggestions available to users, instruments, functions, or different supplies.

  • TIP

    A listing and a Relational Database management device (RDBMS) are two sever entities with different capabilities. even if a directory is a group of suggestions, it doesn't supplant the common RDBMS. Directories and databases complement one an extra, despite the fact that they serve different purposes.

    customarily, a listing service may be used in right here ways:

  • Organizing facts—A listing provider organizes statistics or counsel for the network. In NetWare 6, eDirectory retailers complete consumer, server, printer, and different network machine suggestions.

  • getting access to information with ease—comparable to the file-and-folder device used on a computer, a listing service makes guidance about network components available to clients, contraptions, and applications. A listing service offers personnel with international entry to community resources. companies and organizations too employ listing services to provide consumer authentication and authorization for using these community supplies and features. For companies with gigantic numbers of mobile users, eDirectory provides a means for storing consumer information required via some applications. (Such purposes are described as listing-enabled.) From the person's aspect of view, a directory service gives a worldwide view of complete community resources, corresponding to users, purposes, functions, gadget elements, and instruments.

  • proposing security—A listing provider uniquely identifies network components, locates network objects when required, supports powerful safety facets, and controls the consumer access to network substances.

  • featuring features to purchasers—For groups taking advantage of the features of electronic company transactions, directory capabilities can palliate prepare multiple databases while assisting to mesh disparate network systems. This provides greater management of methods between valued clientele, employees, and provide-chain partners. The ensuing advantages are as follows: reduced expenses for administration and hardware, sooner access to facts and tips, and snug community entry with advanced failing tolerance.

  • From a customary point of view, listing services can too supply digital provisioning, more desirable protection, client profiling, digital wallets, automated notification methods, customized internet interfaces, and virtual inner most networks (VPNs).

    be aware

    A digital deepest community (VPN) frequently is used to switch dainty enterprise suggestions across an untrusted network (such as the web) in a secure style (customarily by encapsulating and encrypting data).

    So, what Do you suppose? Is a listing carrier for you? Who knows—you might even relish it.

    listing architecture

    As you hold in mind, the directory carrier offers access to the eDirectory database, which consists of complete components for the entire network. What precisely does eDirectory look like? From the backyard, it feels relish a great cloud hovering over your network. On the internal, however, it follows a hierarchical tree structure corresponding to the internet domain gadget. it truly is, nascence on the WWW Root and increasing to ".com" domains and finally to servers. In NetWare 6, this design is talked about because the listing guidance Tree, which is shortened to the "tree" for applications of their dialogue.

    suppose of the tree as really being inverted. As in nature, the eDirectory tree starts with the Tree object (referred to as the Tree Root) and builds from there. next, it sprouts container objects, which might be branches reaching toward the sky. ultimately, leaf objects provide network performance to users, servers, and the file gadget. As that you may contemplate in device three.1, the tree analogy is alive and smartly.

    Figure 3.1figure three.1 The figurative listing features tree.

    The actual eDirectory tree is made up of ratiocinative community objects. eDirectory objects define ratiocinative or physical entities that deliver organizational or technical characteristic to the community. As you will contemplate later during this chapter, they arrive in three flavors:

  • Tree Root

  • Container objects

  • Leaf objects

  • The Tree Root is the very lawful of the eDirectory tree. since it represents the hole porthole to the eDirectory world, its icon is appropriately an image of a tree. Container objects define the organizational boundaries of the eDirectory tree and condo different container objects and/or leaf objects. When a container object carries different objects, it is known as a parent object.

    ultimately, leaf objects are the actual or ratiocinative network resources that give technical capabilities and network performance. Leaf objects outline the bottom flat of the eDirectory structure. you will be taught concerning the most entertaining leaf objects later in this chapter.

    The structure of the listing is governed through a collection of rules collectively typical because the listing schema. These suggestions outline the category of statistics, the syntax of that facts, and the objects the directory can contain. Schema suggestions drop into two broad categories:

  • Object ilk definitions—These define the classification of objects and the attributes of those objects.

  • Attribute definitions—These define the constitution (syntax and constraints) of an attribute. with ease pointed out, the assign expense is the actual content material or data.

  • bear in intuition after I instructed you that eDirectory changed into based on the X.500 typical? earlier than you fade tree hiking and learn the dynamics of eDirectory, bewitch a brief study that typical to contemplate what that complete ability. I consider you're going to spot some extraordinary similarities between X.500 and what you may fill simply learned about listing functions.

    figuring out X.500

    X.500 is an international regular for naming capabilities. a entire lot of trade standards, akin to DNA (Digital community structure), employ X.500 with their personal naming services to provide address-to-name decision and listing services. This allows these allotted machines to exist in a tremendous hierarchical management equipment.

    X.500 organizes network components (reminiscent of users and servers) into a globally accessible listing. The X.500 specification establishes guidelines for representing, getting access to, and the usage of suggestions stored in a directory database. in fact, eDirectory is Novell's implementation of here X.500 points:

  • Scalability—enormous databases can be subdivided into smaller listing gear agents (DSAs). A DSA can signify either a lone corporation or multiple businesses, and its contents could be disbursed throughout discrete directory servers. eDirectory calls them partitions.

  • Replication—This characteristic permits the listing database, or parts thereof, to be replicated on backup directory servers determined complete through the community.

  • Synchronization—as a result of X.500 must maneuver a loosely coupled, allotted database, each and every server fill to be able to synchronize its database contents with other servers. listing database updates can be made both at the customary master database (master-shadow association) or at any writable replica (peer-to-peer mechanism). In both case, X.500 propagates directory database alternate tips to complete servers conserving replicas of the database or a DSA.

  • The X.500 listing is represented with the aid of a directory guidance Tree (DIT) and directory tips basis (DIB). at the least one of those should sound typical. The DIB carries objects (or nodes) and their linked houses and values. Intermediate objects act as containers that palliate in organizing the DIT. Leaf objects symbolize individual network entities, akin to servers, printers, and so on. consult with determine three.2 for an illustration of the X.500 listing structure.

    The guidelines that verify the class of suggestions that can be saved within the DIB are held in the directory's schema. (Now this should be sounding definitely popular.) each and every object in an X.500 DIT has a special identify that is referred to as its individual name, or DN, (it's, comprehensive identify). each object can too even be referred to by means of a relative uncommon name, or RDN, (it's, partial name).

    listing database entry is managed by a DSA running on a autochthonous server. users entry the database via a directory user Agent (DUA). DUAs can be institute in command-line, types-based, and browser-fashion interfaces. DSAs and DUAs communicate with each other the usage of the listing entry Protocol (DAP). furthermore, DSAs can too talk with one one more the employ of the listing system Protocol (DSP), listing tips Shadowing Protocol (DISP), or the directory Operational Binding administration Protocol (DOP).

    Figure 3.2determine three.2 X.500 directory structure.

    Now that you simply be conscious of the position listing capabilities got here from and usually how they labor in NetWare 6, it be time to Do some tree mountain climbing! sounds relish that fun I promised you, would not it?

    Go In-Depth With LDAP and Novell's eDirectory | killexams.com actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps


    EUC with HCI: Why It concerns

    you are answerable for managing 15,000 person money owed and 20,000 computer systems for your business. it's 9 a.m. on Monday. Do you know the position your clients' computer systems are? if you're working for a customary enterprise, well-nigh definitely you Do not. "British Telecom recently audited their IT property and institute that that they had 20,000 greater computer systems than they thought," says Dave Bingham, Consulting Director, Fujitsu Consulting UK. Now it is a significant systems management problem!

    Many businesses are sinking below the weight of their existing legacy community identity, entry handle, and provisioning methods. probably the most warning signals that you just might fill a problem:

  • clients can not abide in intuition complete their passwords as a result of each utility requires its personal authentication
  • directory assistance is out of date, or incomplete
  • Ex-personnel nonetheless fill access to local/far off community functions
  • It takes on general, 22 steps to create a novel worker electronic mail address
  • Little or no auditing of debts and privileges, including cross application comparisons to fetch a actual suffer of person movements
  • Redundant administration elements and no pre-based delegation guidelines
  • Proprietary entry, authentication, and provisioning APIs for each application
  • As great and little businesses alike battle to handle IT property and costs, global network identification management systems are looking more and more pleasing. The Forrester neighborhood predicts most Fortune a hundred groups may be implementing these techniques to carve back TCO (total impregnate of ownership), eliminate guide/legacy programs, and streamline company techniques.

    What Do Novell, identification administration and LDAP (lightweight listing access Protocol) ought to Do with any of this? is this the equal moribund trade close for the mature NetWare, NDS (Novell directory carrier), and GroupWise product traces? yes, a revitalized Novell is aggressively pursuing the network identity management and directory features market with a novel technology of LDAP-based mostly products and technologies. by means of constructing on Novell's traditional strengths in listing management and de-coupling these items from their flagship NDS NOS product, it is hoping to compete at once with iPlanet, Oblix, well-known route, Microsoft, and other identity administration providers. The next few years might be a battleground for community id vendors and consultants as they fight to set up themselves during this novel industry. allow us to bewitch a extra extensive examine at Novell's LDAP implementation and directory provider products to examine why construct certain to be critically given that them if you exigency an enterprise scale LDAP equipment.

    Why Novell and LDAP?Novell realized it needed an open common for its front-end software utility. LDAP become the evident selection as a result of Novell had historically based mostly each the NetWare and NDS methods on the X.500 protocol and LDAP became at the nascence designed because the X.500 entrance end. In March 1999, Novell launched a replica of open supply LDAP as a fraction of its SDK (software developer's package) indicating its replete aid for the LDAP normal. on the time Kurt Zeilenga, chief architect of the OpenLDAP venture, referred to, "global adoption of applied sciences requires that builders fill entry to open and reusable code. they are blissful that Novell has chosen to construct employ of OpenLDAP application and has made its changes available to the group so complete may too benefit. They issue ahead to working with Novell in furthering open supply LDAP software." It evidently had the complete palliate of the developer neighborhood.

    besides the fact that children LDAP has been round as a common protocol on account that 1995 until these days it has been a strictly returned-workplace commercial enterprise community service. prior to now, the simplest open criterion for directories changed into X.500, introduced in 1988. considering X.500 changed into OSI mannequin based mostly, LDAP become designed to serve as a translation protocol between the TCP/IP and OSI models. since it is essentially the most open and springy of complete the community features protocols, the community id management neighborhood has embraced it as the core know-how to connect consumer and laptop id tips together into one seamless whole. it's now the de facto typical for many principal id management services functions. Openwave and iPlanet each employ LDAP as the underlying tackle directory know-how for commercial enterprise electronic mail functions items. LDAP is a longtime, potent, scalable open directory regular -- an extremely alluring solution.

    Novell NDS and LDAPHow has that modified Novell's products? First, let us examine at the particulars of how the NDS device has totally incorporated LDAP. NDS eight gives robust LDAP assist by passage of enabling entry without detain to a NDS data shop. This affords the best of both worlds -- open standards for listing access while leveraging Novell's protection strengths akin to potent authentication and server-server replication. This more advantageous palliate includes:

  • LDAP capabilities are installed by using default, which skill that LDAP purchasers can transparently access NDS objects the employ of SSL without requiring any extra client software.
  • capability to jot down without detain to LDAP schema. To exchange an LDAP-NDS mapping, fade to the ConsoleOne (Novell's Java-based mostly server/pc administration software) reveal and pick LDAP community Object. rectify click on this object and pick houses. you can then fade to the assign map or ilk Map tab so as to add/modify/delete the acceptable object.
  • Full auxiliary ilk assist, which capability if an NDS or LDAP object is a member of diverse object courses, it inherits the attributes of complete these object classes. notice there are three default auxiliary courses in NDS.
  • eDirectory - Novell's listing carrier ProducteDirectory, which evolved from NDS, is a directory carrier that is scalable, extensible, and lofty performance. definitely, Novell has publicly tested that eDirectory can maneuver more than one billion objects in a lone tree. This capacity some distance exceeds what most enterprise networks or e-groups will ever require. a few of eDirectory's fundamental accessories relish international printing functions are included into NetWare 6.

    FeaturesSome of eDirectory's novel or enhanced points covered in version 8.7 - codenamed "Falcon" are:

  • Full uphold on multiple systems, Netware, home windows NT/2000, and UNIX flavors (Linux, AIX, and Solaris). here is remarkable information for multi-platform firms.
  • eDirectory has replete steer for replication (dissimilar dispensed copies of the directory in case of failover) and portioning (splitting listing logically to uphold decentralized administration and more advantageous community performance). this is particularly well-known in a 7x24, five 9s, mission well-known deployments.
  • Full palliate of LDAP over SSL/TLS (secure Socket Layer & Transport Layer security protocols). This office is terribly vital within the web-primarily based functions area.
  • supports SNMP monitoring. both listing monitoring and management consoles can be found. ConsoleOne is a Java-primarily based for servers/workstations, and iMonitor is an internet-primarily based monitoring and diagnostics for complete company eDirectories.
  • IManager is a web-based mostly directory manager that performs operations on listing objects, including access, creation, listing portioning, and replication.
  • It includes an import/export utility the usage of LDAP listing Interchange structure (LDIF) for simplified ports and integration with legacy methods. It can be done from both the command line or the ConsoleOne or iManager items.
  • directory StructureHere is a short overview of the Novell directory constitution from exact to backside. Novell calls its directories "container objects."

  • TREE (as soon as referred to as [ROOT]) is the suitable of the directory hierarchy and incorporates complete objects in the listing. primarily used to supply or negate global rights.
  • organization incorporates complete objects for an organization or enterprise. This contains the Administrator person. a rustic object can too be created at this stage for more refinement.
  • ORGANIZATIONAL UNIT (OU) - is an extra subdivision of an organization structure (akin to divisions, geographical, and so on). clients are created at this stage.
  • area (DNS Domains) - allows eDirectory interplay with DNS for region of functions.
  • DirXMLDir XML offers bi-directional and Meta-directory capabilities between e-directory and different enterprise and legacy systems. The methods communicate by without detain processing XML documents. DirXML runs on numerous systems -- Linux, NetWare, Solaris, and windows NT/2000, but requires eDirectory 8.5 or later. presently obtainable DirXML drivers include:

  • LDAP Directories - IPlanet/Netscape listing Server, captious course InJoin directory, IBM SecureWay
  • digital Messaging - Groupwise, Lotus Notes, Microsoft trade
  • business applications - Peoplesoft, IBM WebSphere MQ, Oracle, IBM DB2, and Sybase
  • working gear Domains - NT, energetic directory, NIS
  • Delimited textual content - Miscellaneous
  • DirXML ComponentsBetween eDirectory/DirXML there are two different types of statistics flows.

  • writer Channel - Sends facts from quite a lot of methods to eDirectory.
  • Subscriber Channel.- Sends statistics from eDirectory to a variety of techniques.
  • DirXML Driver - Handles the communique between DirXML engine and the utility but now not the rule processing. This includes receiving the XML document and translating it into a group of instructions, which might be then sent to the preempt information store. note that DirXML 1.1 not requires eDirectory and DirXML operating on the server permitting far flung drivers to be dynamically loaded.
  • DirXML Engine - interprets listing events akin to add, regulate, or delete to an XML document. Translation involves processing various filters, suggestions, and bewitch sheets to achieve the desired influence.
  • Objects - eDirectory operations hold inevitable key objects, DirXML-DriverSet, DirXML-Driver, DirXML-writer, and DirXML-Subscriber.
  • Filters -- determine which attributes equivalent to appellation or tackle could be affected for this specific channel session.
  • guidelines sets
  • Object mapping -- pals an object within the eDirectory schema with an object within the exterior application.
  • Matching -- Determines the attributes and values in eDirectory and the corresponding utility that should suit before developing an affiliation attribute.
  • Create object -- Specifies the assign and values that should be in belt earlier than a novel object or record is created.
  • Placement -- Specifies the position in the utility the objects are kept. assorted rules are usually used.
  • XSLT vogue sheets - define the XLST transformation guidelines that transforms commands or listing movements institute in the XML documents.
  • Developer ServicesAdditional capabilities and products Novell presents peculiarly designed to palliate developers encompass:

  • personalized DirXML Drivers -- Written in either C++ or Java. The Java drivers requires JDK 1.1.7b or later. developers can employ DSTrace facility and DirXML hint log for debugging.
  • XML Interfaces for C++ - makes it viable for the developer to achieve in writing messages to DSTrace facility and DirXML trail log.
  • LDAP Extensions and control for JNDI (Java Naming and listing Interface).
  • examine Server for LDAP
  • eDirectory ilk Libraries for C and Java - Used to operate operations equivalent to question or add on a LDAP listing. fraction of the Novell Developer gear (NDK), it makes employ of open source code from the OpenLDAP mission.
  • Some CautionsNovell is relocating the preempt path through porting the kit to distinctive systems, but if you really exigency to fill a totally integrated equipment, recollect to nevertheless be the employ of the different Novell products along with eDirectory. despite the fact eDirectory has some remarkable facets that construct it less difficult to promote trade scaled listing features primarily based functions, it continues to be at heart an NDS based mostly product. it will probably labor choicest for you if you already fill a NetWare installing and some familiarity with the Novell approach to network primarily based trade functions. Tony Neal, IT manager at Marriott overseas Inc. views Novell LDAP aid as "one more piece of the protocol confound for you to tie every microscopic thing collectively, with NDS because the actual engine underneath". It isn't pellucid when speaking to Novell how many of their eDirectory installations are basically novel shoppers and not just additional earnings to the latest Novell client base.

    just a few years lower back Novell took a major misstep once they proposed a brand novel correct-level .dir domain for the cyber web. The proposed .dir domain become a so-called chartered domain and would fill required .dir candidates to be wholly compliant with LDAP 2000, an LDAP conformance examine at various backed via DIF. Novell claimed that organising the .dir belt turned into captious since it would assure the class of web sites that would employ it. The proposed belt instantly met with group resistance and was right away withdrawn. "Why is every person looking to ICANN to rubber-stamp their enterprise models?" said Rick Wesson, CEO of Alice's Registry, in Santa Cruz, Calif., a consultancy for ICANN-accredited registrars. "Novell wants to create a LDAP (light-weight listing access Protocol) root, however doesn't want a TLD to Do this. it may possibly build the equal infrastructure below the present DNS domains."

    Is Novell concerned with LDAP?Novell has been lively with two rising IETF specifications groups. These efforts will no doubt gyrate out to be in future Novell internet, working gadget, and listing items.

  • SAML (security statement Markup Language) 1.0 enables functions to participate authentication tips. In July, Novell participated in a SAML Interoperability forum as fraction of the Burton community. however, the one sign-on reply continues to be a work-in-progress.
  • The identical neighborhood OASIS (corporation for the evolution of Structured tips requirements) that oversees SAML too is growing the UDDI (typical Description, Discovery and Integration) specification. UDDI comprises a protocol for describing web capabilities and queries about groups/items. Novell subsidized engineers authored a draft schema to region UDDI assistance in an LDAP directory.
  • Liberty Alliance is making a "federated" id authentication protocol, referred to as "a circle of believe", that allows for clients to transparently navigate between affiliated groups. There are various protection access issues nevertheless to be determined earlier than this turns into truth. It is not pellucid what erudition this schema has over present certification methods, relish PKI.
  • Novell developers are working on the next unlock of Netware code named "Nakoma." it will involve more desirable DirXML uphold for tighter integration between NetWare, Novell Portal capabilities, and legacy company directories that require directory-primarily based identity and access features. present projected availability is summer time 2003.

    Some enhancements which are a fraction of "project destiny" the universal Novell eDirectory and directory enhancement effort include:

  • UDDI server due with the aid of 12 months-conclusion.
  • the long rush version of eDirectory may be greater dynamic with enhanced rules-primarily based "decision-making" about americans, and listing records.
  • "Saturn" is a Novell effort to construct eDirectory and iChain (identity-pushed net entry) suitable with the license Alliance specification. "Saturn" reportedly might be accomplished by year-end.
  • Dynamic identity features and access can be granted according to the software.
  • In conclusion, Novell has been working complicated to position itself within the forefront of the LDAP edifice community. Novell has leveraged its erudition with X.500 and NDS to create a powerful set of tools the employ of LDAP and the NDS structure. when you are earnest about significant-scale identification administration functions and too you already fill some familiarity with the Novell environment, eDirectory might be just the toolkit you should construct your utility.

    further resources

    Beth Cohen is president of Luth laptop consultants, Inc., a consulting ensue that specialize in IT infrastructure for smaller companies. She has been in the trenches supporting enterprise IT infrastructure for over two decades in a few different fields including structure, development, engineering, application, telecommunications, and research. She is presently writing a publication about IT for the little enterprise and pursuing an suggestions Age MBA from Bentley college.

    Hallett German is an IT advisor who is experienced in implementing tough IT infrastructures with an stress on electronic messaging and directories. he's the founding father of the Northeast SAS clients community and former President of the REXX Language affiliation. he's the writer of three books on scripting languages.

    » contemplate complete Articles via Columnist Beth Cohen

    Novell's eDirectory spans systems | killexams.com actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps


    November 17, 1999Web posted at: 2:29 p.m. EST (1929 GMT)

    by means of Jana Sanchez


    LAS VEGAS (IDG) -- Novell has introduced a version of NDS (Novell listing services) that runs on the home windows NT, Novell NetWare and sun Microsystems' Solaris working programs.

    available now, the NDS eDirectory is a directory platform that allows for the user to collect, hold and discourse assistance about clients, consumers and trade companions.

    moreover the three platforms that are available now, the directory will too labor with Linux and Compaq's Tru64 Unix OS within the first half of next year.

    Novell is touting NDS e-listing as an e-commerce device on the passage to allow businesses to participate assistance with its companions and suppliers.

    "Extranet equals additional labor ... as opposed to create a VPN (digital inner most community) you are sharing tips using open protocols relish SSL (relaxed sockets layer) and LDAP (light-weight directory entry protocol)," pointed out Paul Corriveau, NDS product advertising and marketing supervisor, in an interview.

    the novel listing is being placed as a product that e-commerce providers can employ to build up highly personalized profiles to offer customized services to valued clientele.

    one in every of Novell's customers, introduced here, is CNN Interactive, so one can employ the know-how to store consumer profiles for its web web site. When clients log onto the directory by the employ of CNN's internet site, they'll acquire customized news, services and advertising, Corriveau observed.

    "building this configuration of personalized advice as a passage to target purchasers is the actual magnitude of directories," pointed out Dana Gardner, an analyst with Aberdeen community in Boston. "by means of having potent directories, agencies can target particular individuals and present the features these individuals need."

    "it's complete about loyalty -- creating relationships and customized capabilities is the most effectual passage to build loyalty," Corriveau talked about.

    "consumers advantage since the counsel about their desires and wishes can too be provided to a tremendous variety of product and repair providers," Gardner spoke of.

    through the employ of eDirectory you could allow partners to access your directory the employ of a browser by means of LDAP, Corriveau said. The partners should not fill to fill eDirectory.

    privateness considerations are too addressed by the listing, Corriveau referred to. "eDirectory has developed-in access controls so that you can construct a decision how a entire lot counsel companions share."

    In an try to fetch application vendors to better purposes for eDirectory, Novell is making a gift the listing to any ISV (unbiased software providers). The ISVs can download it and employ it to promote their purposes and that they can bundle a limited eDirectory license with their utility.

    Novell too announced the availability of NDS company version, an utility that sits on right of NDS e-directory that integrates network materials across varied systems.

    NDS eDirectory is $2 per consumer and NDS corporate version is $26 per person.

    Jana Sanchez is London bureau chief for the IDG tidings carrier.

    connected stories:

    Novell plans to outcluster home windows NTSeptember 13, 1999NetWare 5.0 pulls complete of it togetherAugust 3, 1999Novell and Microsoft agree on XML-based standardJuly 14, 1999

    linked IDG.net studies:

    Comdex: Novell CEO unveils NDS eDirectory(IDG.internet)Novell jumps into e-commerce arena with eDirectory(InfoWorld electric)NetPro helps directory management(InfoWorld electric)community log-ins eased through NDS(InfoWorld electric)lost NDS characteristic muddles NetWare/Win 2000 administration(InfoWorld electric)repute of NDS-energetic listing integration is still up within the air(InfoWorld electric)Migration device eases road from NDS to vigorous listing(InfoWorld electric powered)NDS eight.0 presents competent community awareness(Civic.com)

    note: Pages will open in a novel browser window

    exterior websites are not endorsed through CNN Interactive. linked websites:

    Novell, Inc.

    word: Pages will open in a brand novel browser window

    exterior websites aren't endorsed via CNN Interactive.

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    Novell eDirectory Design and Implementation :eDirectory 8.8

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    Novell eDirectory | killexams.com actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

    This chapter is from the book 

    This chapter covers the following testing objectives for Novell Course 3001: Foundations of Novell Networking:

  • Identify basic Directory Service tasks.

  • Identify common Directory Service uses.

  • Describe how a Directory is structured.

  • Identify the role and benefits of eDirectory.

  • Identify how eDirectory 8.6 works.

  • Identify and portray the composition of eDirectory.

  • Identify and portray eDirectory object classes.

  • Identify the current and design of the eDirectory tree.

  • NetWare 6 introduces eDirectory 8.6, the greatest version to date of Novell's world-class directory service.

    eDirectory is the world's leading Directory service. It provides a unifying, cross-platform infrastructure for managing, securing, accessing, and developing complete major components of your network. eDirectory scales to the largest network environments, including the Internet. Because it is based on the X.500 standard, eDirectory supports Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP), Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), and the Java programming environment.

    eDirectory can store and manage millions of objects in a seamless ballet of communications. It too provides the foundation network service for complete NetWare servers and network resources. In fact, after network communications, it is the most fundamental network service offered by NetWare 6.

    With complete this in mind, I'm certain you would agree that eDirectory management is one of your key responsibilities as a Novell CNA (Certified Network Administrator). In this chapter, you will explore four well-known lessons regarding eDirectory management:

  • Introduction to Directory Services—You'll commence with a brief introduction to the basics of Directory services, including some common uses and how a Directory is structured.

  • Understanding eDirectory 8.6—Then you'll explore the architecture of Novell eDirectory version 8.6 and compare it to its predecessor, Novell Directory Services (NDS).

  • Using eDirectory Objects—You'll dig into the basics behind eDirectory's three types of objects: the Tree object, container objects, and leaf objects.

  • Implementing eDirectory 8.6 Naming—Finally, you'll learn about naming conventions used in eDirectory, including naming context rules and inheritance.

  • As you can see, there's a lot to learn in this chapter and when it's complete done, you'll be an accomplished eDirectory administrator. So, let's fetch started!

    Test Objectives Covered:

  • Identify basic Directory Service tasks.

  • Identify common Directory Service uses.

  • Describe how a Directory is structured.

  • Identify the role and benefits of eDirectory.

  • The Directory Service is one of the most fundamental network services provided by complete NetWare 6 servers. In fact, it represents the communications hub for administrative connectivity between complete servers in a great NetWare 6 network. As such, Directory Service management is one of your key responsibilities as the network administrator.

    As its appellation implies, the Directory service provides access to a database, called eDirectory, that contains complete resources for the entire network. This object-oriented database is organized into a hierarchical structure called the tree. eDirectory provides the basic foundation for the Directory service, including capabilities for replication and distribution. Directory is capitalized in this case to differentiate it from the directory (or folder) in the file system. In fact, these two "directories" define the two major roles of a NetWare 6 CNA: File System Administrator (directories and files) and eDirectory Administrator (The Directory).

    The Directory service is your friend. It may look a microscopic intimidating at first, but when you fetch to know the Directory service (and eDirectory, for that matter), it's actually fun. Really.

    How Directory Services Work

    A Directory service classifies complete network resources into a finite number of objects. These objects can be organized by function, location, size, type, or color—it doesn't matter. The point is, a Directory service organizes network resources independently from their physical locations. For example, servers are organized according to function. Then users are placed in the preempt containers to simplify connectivity. This increases productivity because users are near the resources they need. When a user logs in to the network, the user can access any object in the Tree, regardless of its location. This provides a slick means for managing not only users, but too complete their hardware and applications. Of course, in the eDirectory tree (as in life), it is best to position User objects and their resources (Printers, Servers, and Volumes) in immediate proximity to each other.

    A Directory service performs several basic tasks, including the following:

  • Connecting disparate systems—A Directory service integrates and organizes heterogeneous systems to allow them to participate common management. In today's trade world, such systems are required not only to communicate with each other, but too to participate information and employ common services to meet the objectives of the organization.

  • Satisfying the needs of the user, organization, and business—The network must be springy enough to provide a set of unique services based on individual needs.

  • Emulating complete trade relationships—The network must be capable of ensuring that trusted relationships are built and maintained between people, business, the company's intranet, and the World Wide Web.

  • Coordinating information flow—Information may emanate either from the trade (procedural) or from the network (technical). A Directory service coordinates information flow, no matter what the source or ilk of information.

  • Ensuring information availability—A Directory service provides a means for making complete network information available to users, devices, applications, or other resources.

  • TIP

    A Directory and a Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) are two sever entities with different functions. Even though a Directory is a collection of information, it does not supplant the traditional RDBMS. Directories and databases complement one another, even though they serve different purposes.

    Typically, a Directory service may be used in the following ways:

  • Organizing data—A Directory service organizes data or information for the network. In NetWare 6, eDirectory stores complete user, server, printer, and other network device information.

  • Accessing information easily—Similar to the file-and-folder system used on a computer, a Directory service makes information about network resources available to users, devices, and applications. A Directory service provides employees with global access to network resources. Businesses and organizations too employ Directory services to provide user authentication and authorization for using these network resources and services. For organizations with great numbers of mobile users, eDirectory provides a means for storing user information required by some applications. (Such applications are described as Directory-enabled.) From the user's point of view, a Directory service provides a global view of complete network resources, such as users, applications, services, system resources, and devices.

  • Providing security—A Directory service uniquely identifies network resources, locates network objects when required, supports robust security features, and controls the user access to network resources.

  • Providing services to customers—For organizations taking advantage of the features of electronic trade transactions, Directory services can palliate organize multiple databases while helping to mesh disparate network systems. This provides better management of processes between customers, employees, and supply-chain partners. The resulting benefits are as follows: reduced costs for administration and hardware, faster access to data and information, and secure network access with superior failing tolerance.

  • From a universal perspective, Directory services can too provide electronic provisioning, enhanced security, customer profiling, electronic wallets, automated notification systems, customized Web interfaces, and virtual private networks (VPNs).


    A virtual private network (VPN) often is used to transfer sensitive company information across an untrusted network (such as the Internet) in a secure fashion (typically by encapsulating and encrypting data).

    So, what Do you think? Is a Directory service for you? Who knows—you might even relish it.

    Directory Architecture

    As you recall, the Directory service provides access to the eDirectory database, which contains complete resources for the entire network. What exactly does eDirectory examine like? From the outside, it looks relish a tremendous cloud hovering over your network. On the inside, however, it follows a hierarchical tree structure similar to the Internet domain system. That is, starting at the WWW Root and expanding to ".com" domains and eventually to servers. In NetWare 6, this design is referred to as the Directory Information Tree, which is shortened to the "tree" for purposes of their discussion.

    Think of the tree as actually being inverted. As in nature, the eDirectory tree starts with the Tree object (called the Tree Root) and builds from there. Next, it sprouts container objects, which are branches reaching toward the sky. Finally, leaf objects provide network functionality to users, servers, and the file system. As you can contemplate in device 3.1, the tree analogy is alive and well.

    Figure 3.1Figure 3.1 The figurative Directory services tree.

    The actual eDirectory tree is made up of ratiocinative network objects. eDirectory objects define ratiocinative or physical entities that provide organizational or technical office to the network. As you will contemplate later in this chapter, they arrive in three flavors:

  • Tree Root

  • Container objects

  • Leaf objects

  • The Tree Root is the very top of the eDirectory tree. Because it represents the opening porthole to the eDirectory world, its icon is appropriately a picture of a tree. Container objects define the organizational boundaries of the eDirectory tree and house other container objects and/or leaf objects. When a container object contains other objects, it is called a parent object.

    Finally, leaf objects are the physical or ratiocinative network resources that provide technical services and network functionality. Leaf objects define the lowest flat of the eDirectory structure. You'll learn about the most lustrous leaf objects later in this chapter.

    The structure of the Directory is governed by a set of rules collectively known as the Directory schema. These rules define the ilk of data, the syntax of that data, and the objects the Directory can contain. Schema rules drop into two broad categories:

  • Object class definitions—These define the ilk of objects and the attributes of those objects.

  • Attribute definitions—These define the structure (syntax and constraints) of an attribute. Simply stated, the assign value is the actual content or data.

  • Remember when I told you that eDirectory was based on the X.500 standard? Before you fade tree climbing and explore the dynamics of eDirectory, bewitch a quick examine at that criterion to contemplate what that complete means. I reflect you'll spot some incredible similarities between X.500 and what you've just learned about Directory services.

    Understanding X.500

    X.500 is an international criterion for naming services. A variety of industry standards, such as DNA (Digital Network Architecture), employ X.500 with their own naming services to provide address-to-name resolution and directory services. This enables these distributed machines to exist in a great hierarchical management system.

    X.500 organizes network resources (such as users and servers) into a globally accessible Directory. The X.500 specification establishes guidelines for representing, accessing, and using information stored in a directory database. In fact, eDirectory is Novell's implementation of the following X.500 features:

  • Scalability—Large databases can be subdivided into smaller Directory System Agents (DSAs). A DSA can limn either a lone organization or multiple organizations, and its contents may be distributed across multiple Directory servers. eDirectory calls them partitions.

  • Replication—This feature allows the Directory database, or portions thereof, to be replicated on backup Directory servers located throughout the network.

  • Synchronization—Because X.500 must manage a loosely coupled, distributed database, each server must be able to synchronize its database contents with other servers. Directory database updates may be made either at the original master database (master-shadow arrangement) or at any writable replica (peer-to-peer mechanism). In either case, X.500 propagates Directory database change information to complete servers holding replicas of the database or a DSA.

  • The X.500 Directory is represented by a Directory Information Tree (DIT) and Directory Information basis (DIB). At least one of those should sound familiar. The DIB consists of objects (or nodes) and their associated properties and values. Intermediate objects act as containers that aid in organizing the DIT. Leaf objects limn individual network entities, such as servers, printers, and so on. advert to device 3.2 for an illustration of the X.500 Directory architecture.

    The rules that determine the ilk of information that may be stored in the DIB are held in the Directory's schema. (Now this should be sounding really familiar.) Each object in an X.500 DIT has a unique appellation that is referred to as its distinguished name, or DN, (that is, complete name). Each object may too be referred to by a relative distinguished name, or RDN, (that is, partial name).

    Directory database access is managed by a DSA running on a local server. Users access the database through a Directory User Agent (DUA). DUAs are available in command-line, forms-based, and browser-style interfaces. DSAs and DUAs communicate with each other using the Directory Access Protocol (DAP). Furthermore, DSAs may communicate with one another using the Directory System Protocol (DSP), Directory Information Shadowing Protocol (DISP), or the Directory Operational Binding Management Protocol (DOP).

    Figure 3.2Figure 3.2 X.500 Directory architecture.

    Now that you know where Directory services came from and generally how they labor in NetWare 6, it's time to Do some tree climbing! Sounds relish that fun I promised you, doesn't it?

    Certified Novell Engineer (CNE) | killexams.com actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Related Resources: Books   

    This vendor-specific Certification is Offered By:Novell CorporationWaltham, MA USAPhone: 1-800-529-3400Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You exigency JavaScript enabled to view it.

    Skill Level: Intermediate                          Status: Active

    Low Cost: $375 (shortest track)               

    Summary:For individuals who unravel advanced company-wide uphold problems and high-level network problems. They execute planning, installation, configuration, troubleshooting and upgrade services for networks. The Certified Novell Engineer (CNE) has been recognized as the IT industry's leading certification for advanced networking and troubleshooting.

    Initial Requirements:You must pass three exams: Foundations of Novell Open Enterprise Server fpr NetWare ($125), Novell Open Enterprise Server for NetWare promote Admin ($125) and Novell eDirerctory Design and Implementation: eDirectory 8.8 ($125).

    An upgrade exam is available for current NetWare 6 certified individuals.

    Continuing Requirements:From time to time, Novell Training Services may require you to bewitch an exam to hold current on the latest solutions and technologies. These exams are considered a Continuing Certification Requirement (CCR), which hold your skills up-to-date and hold your certification valuable in the marketplace.

    CNE Pay Chart:

    See complete Novell Certifications

    Vendor's page for this certification

    City of Apopka Selects Zvetco Biometrics and Viable Solutions, Inc. to Deliver Needed tough Authentication for Compliance with CJIS Mandates | killexams.com actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Casselberry, FL (PRWEB) May 23, 2012

    Zvetco Biometrics, a leader in fingerprint identity and authentication solutions, today announced that the City of Apopka has deployed the company’s P4500 biometric fingerprint reader and the Authasas® enterprise grade biometric software, to achieve compliance with CJIS mandates at condition and federal levels. The City of Apopka selected Zvetco and Viable Solutions, Inc. to provide and install a turn-key solution to secure mobile access to information, reduce helpdesk costs and simplify compliance with the FBI’s Criminal Justice Information System (CJIS) mandate. With this installation, the City of Apopka delivers extremely lofty security and convenience through fingerprint scanning.

    Within the novel mandates, agencies must invoke unique IDs, tough passwords, and comply with the CJIS Advanced Authentication requirement by 2013. However, Advanced Authentication is required for any system upgrade performed after 2005. This means that instead of a 2013 deadline, the mandates must be met at the time of the upgrade. Agencies that are audited and don’t comply with the CJIS policy could be denied access to CJIS systems or countenance penalties.

    The City of Apopka has chosen Zvetco Biometrics and their VAR, Viable Solutions, Inc. to deliver much needed biometric tools to achieve tight integration within a Novell eDirectory environment. In addition to their all-metal biometric readers, Zvetco provided Authasas®, advanced authentication software that enabled the first of its kindly connectivity with Novell eDirectory.

    City of Apopka’s IT Supervisor, Robert Hippler, says, "Zvetco scanners are a cost effectual product that easily connects to their VDI and Physical workstations. With those in position they are able to deliver the novel Authasas® Biometric Authentication to desktops, meeting and even exceeding the CJIS requirements."

    "Zvetco’s Verifi fingerprint readers deliver on the vow to provide simple yet secure access to organizations’ networks and applications," said Zavi Cohen, CEO at Zvetco Biometrics. "It’s gratifying to contemplate Zvetco solutions supporting government agencies’ needs for security and efficiency in their daily operations. He added, “The Zvetco solution can be utilized in a Novell environment as well as Windows vigorous Directory. By deploying Zvetco’s Enterprise grade fingerprint readers the City of Apopka achieved noteworthy cost benefits when compared with traditional AFIS ilk readers”.

    Eliot Lloyd Lanes, CEO, and CTO of Viable Solutions, Inc. states, “We fill supported the City of Apopka for decades, and they fill worked with Zvetco Biometrics for many years. The City’s IT Director, Donald Kahrs was conscious that Viable Solutions, Inc. has helped with pioneering efforts in the field of Biometrics integration. So, when they needed to meet the CJIS requirements, they turned to us. They then looked to Zvetco Biometrics, who presented Authasas. During the project they built immediate ties with Authasas and together they fill now delivered a solution that will apt any current Novell and/or Microsoft environment with ease and cost effectiveness.”

    About Zvetco Biometrics

    Zvetco Biometrics is a manufacturer of best-in-class identity authentication hardware and provider of identity management solutions. Founded in 1999, Zvetco provides its customers in corporate enterprise, government, financial services, healthcare, gaming, food services and point-of-sale with cost-effective network security tools that prevent identity theft, extend accountability and eliminate the cost and inconvenience of password-based access. Zvetco Biometrics' Verifi™ line of biometric products incorporates precision fingerprint-sensing technology into ergonomic computer peripherals that deliver unparalleled performance, reliability and convenience.

    Verifi™ is a trademark of Zvetco Biometrics. Authasas® is a trademark of Authasas, a provider of advanced authentication software. complete other trademarks, registered trademarks and service marks are the property of their respective owners.

    Media Contact: Christy Elliott, Zvetco Media DirectorPhone: (407) 681-0111 Extension: 804Web site: http://www.zvetcobiometrics.com

    About Viable Solutions, Inc.

    Viable Solutions, Inc. is a world leader in networking and collaboration design, implementation, and support. They too provide a secure, robust, and trustworthy private corporate cloud. Founded in 1986, Viable Solutions, Inc. provides its customers in complete manner of industry cost-effective design, implementation, and uphold tools and services (on premise or cloud baased) to meet and exceed their trade process needs. Information about Viable Solutions, Inc. and its products and services by calling (407) 249-9600 option 2.

    Media Contact: heed Grebinger, Sales ManagerPhone: (407) 249-9600 Extension: 502Web site: http://www.viable-solutions.com

    Read the replete tale at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2012/5/prweb9529543.htm

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